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Jessica H. Doughty and Heather A. Hausenblas

It is commonly believed that gymnasts are at risk for eating disorders. However, research examining whether gymnasts are a high-risk population for eating pathologies is equivocal. The purpose of our study was to examine disordered eating among Division I female gymnasts using a longitudinal design with validated eating disorder measures. Participants (n = 72) completed the Drive for Thinness, Body Dissatisfaction and Perfectionism subscales of the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 (Garner, 1991), and the Social Physique Anxiety Scale (Martin et al., 1997), twice during their competitive season (i.e., October and March). There were no significant time differences for the eating disorder subscales, indicating that gymnasts’ perfectionism, body dissatisfaction, and anorexic tendencies may be stable characteristics that do not change across a competitive season. Implications of these results and future research directions are discussed.

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Tom Gibbons

studies of sports leagues and governing bodies in relation to their resistance to and adopting of video review. The struggle or tension underlying Grano’s critique is between the human essence of sport and the “soulless perfection” of technology, in this case the “mechanical witnessing” of video replays

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Rachel Vaccaro and Ted M. Butryn

Hamilton decided that perfection was the best solution to ease her parents’ pain. However, her perfectionism eventually led to stress and internal pressure that was exemplified in this thought processes within her autobiography: Sure, I wanted to win. I liked to win, But, in truth, I needed to win, Even

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John D. Fair

be an unqualified masterpiece of physique art. Superimposed on a mountain of clouds, the photographer called it “Perfection in the Skies.” 47 Its impact, Reeves later explained, resulted from one of Cecil B. DeMille’s talent scouts spotting Steve when he was taking acting lessons in New York City and

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Phillip Chipman and Kevin B. Wamsley

striking counterpoint of composure and static perfection” to oppose the degeneration of modern life in England brought upon by societal change caused by urbanization and industrialization. 7 May 12, 2007 marked the passing of the French-Canadian entrepreneur Adrien Gagnon, a multi-millionaire whose company

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Kari Stefansen, Gerd Marie Solstad, Åse Strandbu and Maria Hansen

in this ethic are that athletes must (1) give the sport priority over all other things and (2) always be committed to improving and achieving perfection. Our point is that the premise of this ethic is that sport goes above and beyond the rules of life elsewhere. Simply banning CASRs would not make

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Patricia Vertinsky

men dancers. 10 Bernarr Macfadden’s magazine Physical Culture, crammed with various routes to develop physical perfection -to be a real man—featured pictures of Shawn as an exemplar of masculinity, beauty and strength ( American Physical Education Association, 1903 ). The two also shared a personal

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Erik L. Lachance and Milena M. Parent

demonstrate qualities that include (but are not limited to) perfectionism ( Craddock, Birnbaum, Rodriguez, Cobb, & Zeeh, 2011 ; Henning, Ey, & Shaw, 1998 ; Wang, Sheveleva, & Permyakova, 2019 ), have also been found to express similar accounts in regard to the feeling of fraudulence. Disappointment from an

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Camilla J. Knight

, Keskivaara, & Punamäki, 2005 ; Sapieja, Dunn, & Holt, 2011 ) to identify the relationship between different parenting styles and certain outcomes (e.g., sport satisfaction, perfectionism) or qualitative methods to examine the parenting practices associated with different styles ( Holt, Tamminen, Black

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Mark Dyreson

tribe of recluses has solved nearly every problem known to man,” McDougall testifies. “Name your category—mind, body, or soul—and the Tarahumara were zeroing in on perfection.” 48 He contends that Tarahumara exercise regimens, salutary diets, and stress-free attitudes should inspire modern folk