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Matthias O. Wagner, E. Kipling Webster and Dale A. Ulrich

The Test of Gross Motor Development, 3rd Edition (TGMD-3) is a process-oriented fundamental movement skill assessment to examine the movement patterns displayed by children between the ages of 3 and 10 years. Within this paper, results of a pilot study on the reliability, validity, and measurement invariance across gender of the TGMD-3 (German translation) are presented. In total, performances of 189 typically developing children (99 boys, 90 girls, 56 kindergarten children, 133 elementary school children, M age = 7.15 ± 2.02 years) are analyzed. Results provide preliminary evidence for test-retest, interrater and intrarater reliability, internal consistency, age- and gender- specific performance trends, factorial validity, measurement invariance across gender, divergent validity, and ball skill–related concurrent and predictive validity of the TGMD-3 (German translation). Subsequent research should be focused on a verification of the present findings on a representative database to foster the application of the TGMD-3 (German translation) in different settings.

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Jill M. Slade, Hector De Los Santos-Posadas and M. Elaine Cress

This study examined the change in 15K running performance for master runners over 21 years (1978–1998). Official times were collected for 60 male runners from the same running event. Trends in running performance were analyzed with several models (linear, polynomial, and segmented-line). A self-report questionnaire was used to quantify training and to characterize runners. Peak age of running performance was indirectly estimated at 33 years using a second-degree polynomial. The performance trend was also associated with an inflection point at age 41 directly estimated from a nonlinear, segmented, mixed-effects model (95% confidence interval: 38.77–42.44). After age 41, master runners ran nearly 1 min slower each year. Besides age, other parameters that influenced performance over time included type of training (interval training) and body weight. These data might be among the first to describe the trend in running performance for a group of master athletes, most of whom were noncompetitive runners.

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Pantelis T. Nikolaidis, Stefania Di Gangi and Beat Knechtle

. , Rosemann , T. , & Rust , C.A. ( 2016 ). Performance trends in master freestyle swimmers aged 25–89 years at the FINA World Championships from 1986 to 2014 . Age (Dordrecht), 38 ( 1 ), 18 . doi:10.1007/s11357-016-9880-7 10.1007/s11357-016-9880-7 Knechtle , B. , Nikolaidis , P.T. , Onywera , V

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James W. Navalta, Jeffrey Montes, Nathaniel G. Bodell, Charli D. Aguilar, Ana Lujan, Gabriela Guzman, Brandi K. Kam, Jacob W. Manning and Mark DeBeliso

. International Council for Health, Physical Education and Recreation, 29 , 4 – 8 . Hoffman , M.D. , & Wegelin , J.A. ( 2009 ). The Western States 100-mile endurance run: Participation and performance trends . Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 41 ( 12 ), 2191 – 2198 . PubMed ID: 19915499 doi:10

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Christine M. Habeeb, Robert C. Eklund and Pete Coffee

remaining consistently near the middle of the possible scale range. Visual inspection of these performance scores across trials did not indicate an upward or downward performance trend across the five successive trials. 3 Table 1 Efficacy and Performance Data for the Flyers, Bases, and Dyads Across

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Julien Louis, Fabrice Vercruyssen, Olivier Dupuy and Thierry Bernard

—Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S) . British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48 ( 7 ), 491 – 497 . PubMed ID: 24620037 doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2014-093502 Nikolaidis , P.T. , Zingg , M.A. , & Knechtle , B. ( 2017 ). Performance trends in age-group runners from 100 m to marathon-The World

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Werner F. Helsen, Nikola Medic, Janet L. Starkes and Andrew M. Williams

. , & Knechtle , B. ( 2018 ). World records in half-marathon running by sex and age . Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 26 ( 4 ), 629 – 636 . PubMed ID: 29431565 doi:10.1123/japa.2017-0394 Nikolaidis , P.T. , Zingg , M.A. , & Knechtle , B. ( 2017 ). Performance trends in age‐group runners

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Paul R. Ashbrook, Andrew Gillham and Douglas Barba

decreased their scoring average by 1.73 shots in competition and 0.31 shots in qualifying. Examining the player rankings on Golfweek, a reduction of a single stroke per round is the difference between the 10th-ranked player and the 100th-ranked player ( Golfweek, 2017 ). Similar performance trends occurred

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Guy C. Wilson, Yorgi Mavros, Lotti Tajouri and Maria Fiatarone Singh

.E. , & Montgomery , H.E. ( 2000 ). The ACE I/D polymorphism and human physical performance . Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism, 11 ( 10 ), 416 – 420 . PubMed ID: 11091119 doi:10.1016/S1043-2760(00)00310-6 10.1016/S1043-2760(00)00310-6 Worm , C.H. , Vad , E. , Puggaard , L. , Støvring , H