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Catrine Tudor-Locke and Elroy J. Aguiar

coordinated effort from the U.S. government ( Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee, 2018 ; Pate et al., 1995 ; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2008 ), as well as several leading professional organizations ( American Heart Association, 1992 ; Colberg et al., 2016 ; Garber et

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Karin A. Pfeiffer and Michael J. Wierenga

Physical inactivity is a recognized independent risk factor for mortality and chronic morbidity in adults ( Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee, 2018 ). Specific to the U.S. context, physical inactivity is estimated on average to cause 11% of premature mortality and 7% of disease burden

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Francine Darroch, Audrey R. Giles and Roisin McGettigan-Dumas

More elite female distance runners are opting to have children during their athletic careers. Despite this, there is a dearth of information regarding pregnancy and physical activity for elite level athletes. Further, current pregnancy physical activity guidelines are not relevant for this population`s needs. Two research questions frame this study: are elite female distance runners’ pregnancy informational needs being met?; where do they seek and find trustworthy advice on physical activity during pregnancy? Open-ended, semistructured interviews were conducted with 14 women who experienced at least one pregnancy within the past five years, had achieved a minimum of the USA Track and Field 2012 Olympic Team marathon trials ‘B’ entry standard or equivalent performances for distance running events 1,500m or longer. The participants had between one—three children, hail from five countries and participated in 14 Olympic Games and 72 World Championships. Utilizing poststructuralist feminist theory and thematic analysis, our findings revealed that the participants received advice from three main sources, both in person and online: medical professionals, coaches, and other elite female distance runners. However, we found that they also received unsolicited advice and comments from community members where they lived. The participants identified fellow elite female distance runners as the most reliable and trustworthy sources of information, followed by medical professionals, then coaches. Ultimately, the women revealed a lack of formal sources they could turn to for trustworthy advice about how to have a safe and healthy pregnancy while continuing to train at a high intensity. These results illuminate the need to meet female elite athletes’ informational needs in terms of well-being during pregnancy.

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Richard P. Troiano

The following article was the Rainer and Julie Martens Invited Lecture given at the National Academy of Kinesiology, September 2011. The federal government has a demonstrated interest in the health benefits of physical activity. A major milestone in federal interest was the publication of the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. Other federal efforts, such as the National Prevention Strategy and the Lets Move! initiative, seek to translate the science in the Guidelines into action at multiple levels of society. Federal interest is also demonstrated through the range of physical activity research funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This paper describes research resources and examples of research funded by several NIH institutes with the intent to enhance the ability of members of the National Academy of Kinesiology to have a positive impact on society by advancing the science, as well as promoting and facilitating the many and diverse benefits of human movement.

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David R. Bassett Jr.

The built environment has profound effects on physical activity and health. Many communities in the US are built around the automobile, with little consideration given to pedestrians, cyclists, and transit users. These places tend to have higher rates of physical inactivity (defined as “no leisure time physical activity”) and higher rates of obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. However, in some European countries and selected US cities, communities have been constructed in ways that encourage active modes of transportation. In these places, a large segment of the population meets physical activity guidelines, due in part to the activity they acquire in performing daily tasks. In addition to promoting active transportation, these environments promote recreational walking, jogging, and cycling. Kinesiologists can and should work with urban planners, transportation officials, developers, public health practitioners, and the general public to design cities in ways that enhance physical activity and health.

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Kenneth E. Powell and Steven N. Blair

experts, the 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee, to review the expanding knowledge base about the relationship between physical activity and health and to prepare a report that could be used to update the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans ( HHS, 2008 ). The 2018 Physical

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Tanya Prewitt-White, Christopher P. Connolly, Yuri Feito, Alexandra Bladek, Sarah Forsythe, Logan Hamel and Mary Ryan McChesney

Pregnant women are recommended to engage in at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity per week ( Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee, 2008 ). An impressive array of health benefits during pregnancy and at childbirth supports this recommendation, including a reduced

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Buffie Longmire-Avital, Takudzwa Madzima and Elyse Bierut

physical activity guidelines . Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/dcpc/prevention/policies_practices/physical_activity/guidelines.htm Doamekpor , L.A. , & Dinwiddie , G.Y. ( 2015 ). Allostatic load in foreign-born and US-born blacks: Evidence from the 2001-2010 National Health and Nutrition

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sedentary to elite athletes. An online questionnaire was developed to collect data in five domains: knowledge of physical activity guidelines; physical activity, sport and exercise participation before and during the three trimesters of pregnancy; reasons for changes in activity participation; sources of

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. In Wales, 45% of women fail to meet physical activity guidelines (Townsend, Bhatnagar, Wilkins, Wickramasinghe, & Rayner, 2015) and this figure is likely much higher during pregnancy. If women were more aware of the benefits of AE, it would be easier to encourage them to enroll in AE. Use a bespoke