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Jason R. Themanson, Nicole J. Bing, Brad E. Sheese and Matthew B. Pontifex

better understanding of batting at behavioral, cognitive, and neural levels, a great deal remains unexplored. One notable gap in the literature relates to the measurement of dynamic batting perceptual processes during ongoing pitch-by-pitch sequences and the variables that may influence neural indices

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Rob Gray, Anders Orn and Tim Woodman

shown a “heat map” representing a particular hitter’s batting average for pitch locations throughout the strike zone. While it has been shown that athletes can use this type of information to improve performance (e.g., Alain & Proteau, 1980 ; Gray, 2015a , 2015b ), it has the potential to change how

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Maurice Vergeer and Leon Mulder

popular there. Why some players are extremely popular while others are less popular is a question that has not yet been addressed by academics: Does online popularity result from players’ performance on the pitch or from the mere fact that they play with a successful team? Or could the key factor be their

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Jimmy Sanderson

This research explored people’s expression of parasocial interaction (PSI) on Boston Red Sox pitcher Curt Schilling’s blog, A thematic analysis using grounded theory (Glaser & Strauss, 1967) and constant comparative methodology of 1,337 postings on Schilling’s blog was conducted. Three parasocial aspects emerged from data analysis: identification, admonishment and advice giving, and criticism. The findings of the study provide support for previous research that suggests identification is a PSI component, and given the large presence of admonishment and criticism, the findings extend PSI theory by suggesting that PSI theory must account for and encompass negative relational behaviors. The results also indicate that people’s use of information and communication technologies is reconfiguring parasocial relationships as fans take an active role in soliciting and communicating with professional athletes, subsequently creating more opportunities for PSI to occur.

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Khaya Morris-Binelli, Sean Müller and Peter Fadde

baseball batters (of single-A minor league level) and whether their scores were related to game batting statistics. They found a significant positive correlation between overall pitch type anticipation at the front-foot landing temporal occlusion (pre-ball release information) and base-on-balls (how often

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Ignacio Perez-Pozuelo, Thomas White, Kate Westgate, Katrien Wijndaele, Nicholas J. Wareham and Soren Brage

to the description of orientation-related measures of human behavior using wrist-worn accelerometry, although they have been used in thigh-worn activity monitoring ( Steeves et al., 2015 ). Pitch and roll angles are examples of well-defined, biomechanically relevant, and easy-to-interpret signal

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Jordan Golding, Aaron Johnson and Andrew T. Sensenig

Psychological momentum in sports is a series of high or low human performances that seem to defy statistical randomness, and instead is often attributed to a positive feedback system in the athlete’s physiology and psyche. Quantitative approaches have found some evidence of psychological momentum. We measured the throw speeds and accuracy of adult males throwing baseballs while subjecting them to verbal criticism (positive or negative). Our study of short-term momentum suggested evidence of psychological momentum only in top-performing university baseball players, and not in the lower-performing players or in nonathletes.

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Line D. Danielsen, Rune Giske, Derek M. Peters and Rune Høigaard

play. . . . [name of the player] had an aura and was self-confident, secure, and in addition, the player was brilliant on the pitch. (lower order: confidence; Participant 2) Collectivity Orientation. A basic collective attitude and understanding emerged as crucial. The coaches highlighted the

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Kamiel Reid and Christine Dallaire

( Foucault, 1977 , 1982 ). Drawing on this theoretical framework, we focus on the concepts of discourse, subject and power to examine the ways in which the women described their experiences on the soccer pitch. That is, we explore social (discursive) practices and actions ( Foucault, 1977 ) that constitute