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Philip Furley, Matt Dicks and Daniel Memmert

In the present article, we investigate the effects of specific nonverbal behaviors signaling dominance and submissiveness on impression formation and outcome expectation in the soccer penalty kick situation. In Experiment 1, results indicated that penalty takers with dominant body language are perceived more positively by soccer goalkeepers and players and are expected to perform better than players with a submissive body language. This effect was similar for both video and point-light displays. Moreover, in contrast to previous studies, we found no effect of clothing (red vs. white) in the video condition. In Experiment 2, we used the implicit association test to demonstrate that dominant body language is implicitly associated with a positive soccer player schema whereas submissive body language is implicitly associated with a negative soccer player schema. The implications of our findings are discussed with reference to future implications for theory and research in the study of person perception in sport.

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Camilo Sáenz-Moncaleano, Itay Basevitch and Gershon Tenenbaum

) use more efficient visual search behaviors ( Goulet et al., 1989 ; Murray & Hunfalvay, 2017 ); and (c) adjust better to motion information that has been often presented as point-light animations ( Ward, Williams, & Bennett, 2002 ). The majority of these studies have been carried out in laboratory settings

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Edward Hebert

.1080/02640410600947165 10.1080/02640410600947165 Horn , R.R. , Williams , A.M. , & Scott , M.A. ( 2002 ). Learning from demonstrations: The role of visual search during observational learning from video and point light displays . Journal of Sports Sciences, 20 , 253 – 269 . PubMed doi:10

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Chun-Hao Wang and Kuo-Cheng Tu

affect early sensory processing (visual processes) and attention allocation, thus facilitating the action anticipation abilities of such individuals. Further, Wright, Bishop, Jackson, and Abernethy ( 2011 ) used a sport-related point-light stimuli and functional magnetic resonance imaging to explore the

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Jordan A. Carlson, J. Aaron Hipp, Jacqueline Kerr, Todd S. Horowitz and David Berrigan

only a dozen or so moving dots to represent the human body ( Johansson, 1973 ) (e.g., “point-light walkers” ( Thornton, Rensink, & Shiffrar, 2002 )). A large field of computerized action recognition has built on this insight. There are a variety of methods for segmenting and labeling human actions

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Nicholas J. Smeeton, Matyas Varga, Joe Causer and A. Mark Williams

In fast-paced ball, sports athletes have to become very sensitive to the movements of opponents in order to find cues to anticipate their intentions. This ability to anticipate provides athletes with more time to move and prepare their response. Point light displays, deprived of surface gradients