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Karen S. Meaney and Sonya L. Armstrong

retention ( Frazier, 2011 ; Lester, 2013 ; McKay et al., 2008 ; Twale & De Luca, 2008 ), the purpose of this paper is to offer insights gleaned from the extant literature and policy. Most faculty have likely engaged in some form of informal commiseration (i.e., hallway chats) on experienced or observed

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Monica A.F. Lounsbery

For children, schools play an important role in providing and promoting physical activity, yet growing school pressure to produce academic achievement gains have limited the priority of physical activity producing programs. The Institute of Medicine, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the American Heart Association, and others have developed recommendations for school physical activity policy and there is growing interest in examining the relationship between existing school physical activity policies, school practices, and physical activity. Given that research on school physical activity policy is in its infancy, my goal in writing this paper is to introduce readers to key aspects of school physical activity policy while simultaneously outlining existing research efforts and highlighting the many critical research gaps that still exist. I conclude the paper by linking policy to advocacy and outlining considerations for formulating effective advocacy efforts while emphasizing the need for advocacy research.

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Douglas J. Casa, Yuri Hosokawa, Luke N. Belval, William M. Adams and Rebecca L. Stearns

Exertional heat stroke (EHS) is among the leading causes of sudden death during sport and physical activity. However, previous research has shown that EHS is 100% survivable when rapidly recognized and appropriate treatment is provided. Establishing policies to address issues related to the prevention and treatment of EHS, including heat acclimatization, environment-based activity modification, body temperature assessment using rectal thermometry, and immediate, onsite treatment using cold-water immersion attenuates the risk of EHS mortality and morbidity. This article provides an overview of the current evidence regarding EHS prevention and management. The transfer of scientific knowledge to clinical practice has shown great success for saving EHS patients. Further efforts are needed to implement evidence-based policies to not only mitigate EHS fatality but also to reduce the overall incidence of EHS.

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Thomas L. McKenzie

.S. secondary schools had a full CSPAP ( Brener et al., 2017 ). Similar data for elementary schools are not available. Physical education is the school context with the most physical activity policies, especially at the state level where the ultimate responsibility for education rests. Unfortunately, state physical

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Margaret C. Morrissey, Michael R. Szymanski, Andrew J. Grundstein and Douglas J. Casa

of an EHS case or death, we need to determine whether the system failure is related to EHS-prevention policies and procedures or it occurred with inadequate medical treatment ( Parsons et al., 2019 ). This nuance is critical, because most EHS cases should never occur in the first place. Simple

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Sharon E. Taverno Ross

studies and three protocol studies that targeted Latino preschool children and included a parent intervention component and physical activity as outcome variables. The paper ends with an interpretation of the findings of these studies, as well as critical questions for research and policy. A Growing

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Karin A. Pfeiffer and Michael J. Wierenga

not meet U.S. national PA recommendations ( Troiano et al., 2008 ). Along with the 2008 PA Guidelines, the National Plan for Physical Activity was introduced in the United States. The National Plan is a set of policies, programs, and initiatives designed to increase PA in all segments of the U

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Mark Urtel, Sara F. Michaliszyn and Craig Stiemsma

few. These different academic locations may further influence a curriculum, as well as the overall and individual internship requirements by way of, for example, college/school-specific budget models, faculty workload policies, and curriculum guidelines. Therefore, it is not surprising that the

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Gretchen Kerr, Anthony Battaglia and Ashley Stirling

; these conditions include, for example, access to young people, inadequate education of sport stakeholders, insufficient policies and codes of conduct, an emphasis on performance outcomes, and the self-regulating nature of sport. As a result, maltreatment should be viewed as a systemic problem involving