Popular and academic discourse typically analyze the strategies used to induce compliance with sport association policies and rules within a framework that shoehorns a diverse array of strategies into two categories: sanctions or compensation, This article proposes a taxonomy that goes beyond the “logic of consequences” inherent in the behavioral models of sanctions and compensation. Sport managers and scholars can encourage compliance through six ideal-type strategies: punitive, remunerative, generative, preventive, cognitive, and normative. These six categories provide the foundation for systematically evaluating the relative effectiveness of different strategies at altering the behavior of league members. This article delineates the different paths by which these different policy strategies influence behavior. Five questions designed to guide managers in the selection of strategies are offered. Although the National Collegiate Athletic Association is used as a case example throughout, the framework has applicability to all sport associations.
Ronald B. Mitchell, Todd Crosset and Carol A. Barr
Olivia Wohlfart, Sandy Adam, Jorge García-Unanue, Gregor Hovemann, Berit Skirstad and Anna-Maria Strittmatter
, and that this involves policies, strategies, and programs. Many academic programs implement international dimensions, such as student exchange programs, foreign language study, internationalized curricula, area or thematic studies, joint degree programs, cross-cultural training, staff mobility
Liam J.A. Lenten, Aaron C.T. Smith and Ralph-Christopher Bayer
mix, which could help attenuate doping’s prevalence in elite sport. The following section introduces conditional superannuation as one such policy augmentation within the current antidoping model. Augmenting Antidoping Policy With Conditional Superannuation Current antidoping policy strategy in elite
Kathy Babiak, Lucie Thibault and Annick Willem
’s funding of U.K. Sport), and these sport funding agencies explicitly promote collaboration among organizations involved in their sport system. Given this support from governmental agencies in policy, strategy, and financial terms, it may have led to greater interest from scholars in IOR research within