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Sanaz Nosrat, James W. Whitworth, Nicholas J. SantaBarbara, Shira I. Dunsiger and Joseph T. Ciccolo

volitional exhaustion. The lack of statistical significance between the groups for RPE may be due to the fact that RPE was measured upon completion of the last set of chest press at MID and last set of biceps curl POST exercise, and might reflect the recalled exertion (i.e., memory of exertion) rather than

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Elaine M. Murtagh, Colin Boreham, Alan Nevill, Gareth Davison, Tom Trinick, Ellie Duly, Mawloud El-Agnaf and Marie H. Murphy


Markers of inflammation are emerging as novel indices of cardiovascular risk. These markers have been shown to alter acutely after intense exercise; however, the effects of more moderate intensity exercise in healthy individuals is not known. Walking forms a cornerstone of physical activity promotion, so the inflammatory response to this exercise merits investigation. This study evaluated the effects of a 45-min walk on C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin 6 (IL-6), in sedentary, overweight men.


Fifteen men (49.7 ± 5.9 y) walked for 45 min at 60 to 70% of predicted maximum heart rate. Fasted blood samples were taken prior to and immediately 1 hr and 24 h post-walk.


IL-6 decreased from 1 h post-walk to 24 h post-walk (P < 0.01). No significant changes were observed in CRP.


These findings suggest that 45 min walking at 60 to 70% HRmax-p causes a decrease in IL-6 24 h post-exercise, but does not evoke a significant response in CRP levels.

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Charles J. Hardy and W. Jack Rejeski

Three experiments are presented that evaluate the feeling scale (FS) as a measure of affect during exercise. In Experiment 1,.subjects were instructed to check adjectives on the MAACL-R that they would associate with either a "good" or a "bad" feeling during exercise. As predicted, discriminant function analysis indicated that the good/bad dimension of the FS appears to represent a core of emotional expression. In Experiment 2, subjects rated how they felt during exercise at a rate of perceived exertion (RPE) of 11, 15, and 19. There was considerable heterogeneity in FS for each given RPE. Moreover, RPEs and FS ratings were only moderately correlated, r= - .56, suggesting that phenomenologically the two constructs are not isomorphic. Experiment 3 involved three 4-min bouts of exercise at 30, 60, and 90% V02max. Assessed were pre- and post-exercise affect as. .well as RPEs, responses to the FS, Ve, RR, and VO2. Results revealed that RPE and the FS were moderately related, but only at easy and hard workloads. FS ratings evidenced greater variability as metabolic demands increased, and RPEs consistently had stronger ties to physiologic cues than responses to the FS. The theoretical and pragmatic implications of these data are discussed.

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Fernando S. Lobo, Andreia C.C. Queiroz, Natan D. Silva Junior, Fabio L. Medina, Luiz A.R. Costa, Tais Tinucci and Claudia L.M. Forjaz

and normotensive subjects . J Hum Hypertens . 2007 ; 21 ( 7 ): 564 – 570 . PubMed ID: 17344908 doi:10.1038/sj.jhh.1002188 10.1038/sj.jhh.1002188 17344908 9. Charkoudian N , Halliwill JR , Morgan BJ , Eisenach JH , Joyner MJ . Influences of hydration on post-exercise cardiovascular

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Jaqueline P. Batista, Igor M. Mariano, Tállita C.F. Souza, Juliene G. Costa, Jéssica S. Giolo, Nádia C. Cheik, Foued S. Espindola, Sarah Everman and Guilherme M. Puga

Technological Development (CNPq) ( 456443/2014-2)/CNPq(794078/2013 ). References Anunciação , P.G. , & Polito , M.D. ( 2011 ). A review on post-exercise hypotension in hypertensive individuals . Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, 96 , 100 – 109 . doi:10.1590/S0066-782X2011005000025 Araújo , C

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Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Lori Dithurbide, Alison Ede, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin and Kathleen Wilson

influence positive and negative health-related outcomes, but it depends on how the recipient views those doing the posting. Burke, T.J., & Rains, S.A. (2019). The paradoxical outcomes of observing others’ exercise behavior on social network sites: Friends’ exercise posts, exercise attitudes, and weight

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David A. Ferrer and Rebecca Ellis

posted discussion questions, answered technical- or PA-related questions, encouraged participation, and posted exercise-related articles. PAQ adapted for online use 12 wk Theoretical framework: NR No significant group × time interaction for INSHAPE group contributions Single-group, pretest

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Tom Clifford

.g., enhanced MPS and reduced MPB), indicate that interventions supporting post-exercise protein intakes are likely to have favorable effects on EIMD in older adults. Only one recent study has examined the effects of high protein feeding on acute exercise recovery in older adults ( Doering et al., 2017 ). Using

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Mariana R. Silva, Cristine L. Alberton, Caroline O. Braga and Stephanie S. Pinto

força e aeróbio: efeito da ordem de execução . Rev Bras Med do Esporte . 2007 ; 13 ( 6 ): 402 – 406 . doi:10.1590/S1517-86922007000600009 10.1590/S1517-86922007000600009 32. Di Blasio A , Gemello E , Di Iorio A , et al . Order effects of concurrent endurance and resistance training on post-exercise

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Alexei Wong and Arturo Figueroa

. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, 28 ( 1 ), 49 – 54 . PubMed ID: 18005081 Figueroa , A. , & Vicil , F. ( 2011 ). Post-exercise aortic hemodynamic responses to low-intensity resistance exercise with and without vascular occlusion . Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports