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Stephanie J. Hanrahan

People who live in the villas (i.e., slums) of Buenos Aires are confronted with poverty, poor and dangerous living conditions, and discrimination. Ten weeks were spent in the villas delivering a program designed to enhance life satisfaction and self-worth through games and the development of mental skills. The purpose of this paper is not to report on the content or the effectiveness of the program, but rather to explore the variables within Argentina and the villas as well as my own cultural biases that may have influenced the delivery of a psychological intervention program. Argentine factors include a high prevalence of psychologists and a psychoanalytic focus. Characteristics of the villas include environmental factors (e.g., transportation issues, sanitation), logistical issues (e.g., venues, access to writing implements), and psychological matters (e.g., hopelessness, different perceptions of confidence). Practitioner concerns included limited familiarity with life in the villas and having values that might be different from those of the participants. The discussion includes recommendations for others who are considering working in similar cultural and contextual situations.

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Talin Louder, Dennis Dolny and Eadric Bressel

population. Physiological changes in muscle structure and contractile performance are unavoidable consequences of the aging process. 2 – 7 Dynapenia (Greek translation for poverty of strength, power, or force) is a term used to describe age-related loss of muscle function. 5 Structural, neural, and

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Justin A. Haegele, Carrie J. Aigner and Sean Healy

Statistics for Model Variables by Children and Adolescents Children (age 6–12 years) Adolescents (age 13–17 years) Visual Impairment Visual Impairment No ( n  = 28,249,833) Yes ( n  = 472,127) p No ( n  = 20,072,557) Yes ( n  = 505,401) p Sex (male) 50.93 61.25 .09 51.40 41.11 .16 Poverty level of household

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Danielle Peers

—however, normalization is not what determines the activity’s, or participant’s, value. Importantly, increased life chances can also mean an ethical commitment to decreasing the social structures that diminish some people’s chance of survival and opportunities for flourishing: structures like poverty, abuse, exclusion

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Pierre Lepage, Gordon A. Bloom and William R. Falcão

. Coombs , P.H. , & Ahmed , M. ( 1974 ). Attacking rural poverty: How nonformal education can help . Baltimore, MD : Johns Hopkins University Press . Côté , J. , Young , B.W. , North , J. , & Duffy , P. ( 2007

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Stamatis Agiovlasitis, Joonkoo Yun, Jooyeon Jin, Jeffrey A. McCubbin and Robert W. Motl

the United States is lower than the rest of the population ( Altman & Bernstein, 2008 ). Perhaps even more important is the significant health and economic impact on the individual, especially if one considers that persons experiencing disability are more likely to be unemployed and live in poverty