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Wendy Frisby, Susan Crawford and Therese Dorer

In contrast to traditional approaches to research, participatory action research calls for the active involvement of the community—including both the beneficiaries and providers of sport services—in defining research problems, executing interventions, interpreting results, and designing strategies to change existing power structures. The purpose of this paper was to analyze a participatory action research project designed to increase the access of women living below the poverty line and their families to local physical activity services. A framework developed by Green et al. (1995) formed the basis of the analysis. To place the analysis in context, the historical origins and theoretical assumptions underlying participatory action research were addressed. The case of the Women's Action Project demonstrated how the process can result in a more inclusive local sport system and, at the same time, provide a rich setting for examining organizational dynamics including collaborative decision-making, community partnerships, power imbalances, resource control, resistance to change, and nonhierarchical structures.

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Danny O’Brien and Jess Ponting

This research analyzes a strategic approach to managing surf tourism in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Surf tourists travel to often remote destinations for the purpose of riding surfboards, and earlier research suggests the mismanagement of surf tourism in some destinations has resulted in significant deleterious impacts on host communities. The research question in this study addresses how surf tourism can be managed to achieve sustainable host community benefits in the context of a developing country. Primary data came from semistructured interviews and participant observation. The findings demonstrate how sport governing bodies can engage host communities in a collaborative framework for the sustainable utilization of sport tourism resources. The derived knowledge from this research may decrease host communities’ reliance on less sustainable commercial activities, and inform policy and practice on sustainable approaches to using sport tourism for community building and poverty alleviation.

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Sarah Zipp, Tavis Smith and Simon Darnell

’s access to sufficient menstrual products (pads, cups, etc.) that can help them cope with their period bleeding. Such “period poverty” or lack of resources to obtain adequate menstrual products is a growing concern in international development ( Bobel, 2018 ; Zipp & Standing, 2018 ). In sport and physical

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Fallon R. Mitchell, Sara Santarossa and Sarah J. Woodruff

://namedinc.org/eating-disorders/ten-facts-about-males-and-eating-disorders/ National Eating Disorders Association . ( 2018 ). Learn . Retrieved from https://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/learn Nisbet , M.C. ( 2010 ). Knowledge into action: Framing the debates over climate change and poverty . In P. D’Angelo & J.A. Kuypers (Eds.), Doing news framing analysis

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Mark Dottori, Guy Faulkner, Ryan Rhodes, Norm O’Reilly, Leigh Vanderloo and Gashaw Abeza

: obesity (increasing numbers of overweight children) Topic: unhealthy eating habits (food in schools/at home, fast foods, etc.) Topic: lack of physical activity (home, school, outdoor, indoor, etc.) Topic: socioeconomic (poverty, access to resources, costs, safety in neighborhoods, single parents, etc

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Brian P. McCullough, Madeleine Orr and Timothy Kellison

introduction (pp.  77 – 105 ). London, UK : Sage Publications . Collins , T.W. , & Grineski , S.E. ( 2008 ). Unequal impacts of downtown redevelopment: The case of stadium building in Phoenix, AZ . Journal of Poverty, 11 ( 1 ), 23 – 54 . doi: 10.1300/J134v11n01_02 Cordery , C.J. , Sim , D

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Brian P. McCullough, Madeleine Orr and Nicholas M. Watanabe

strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty . Retrieved from https://www.ipcc.ch/sr15/ Jose , A. , & Lee , S.M. ( 2007 ). Environmental reporting of global corporations: A content analysis based on website disclosures

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Joshua Woods

, Evenson, McGinn, & Brines, 2008 ; Wen, Zhang, Harris, Holt, & Croft, 2013 ; Wolch, Wilson, & Fehrenbach, 2005 ). Most of these studies found that as the poverty of neighborhoods increases, the distance from these neighborhoods to parks and green spaces increases. Neighborhoods with higher percentages of

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Shaun M. Anderson and Matthew M. Martin

-born players, recruitment efforts in Latin America can help teams gain 20 players at the cost of $5,000 per player. The problem with this is that most players who are signed under the boatload mentality are usually cut from the team within 2 years and oftentimes return to poverty-stricken neighborhoods

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Jessica Love and Lindsey Conlin Maxwell

). Smith ( 1992 ) added that few Black families could afford exclusive sporting experiences and lessons in tennis, golf, and swimming. Thus, poverty also pigeonholed Black women in stereotypical, nonprofit sports like basketball and track and field. Track and field was stigmatized as a masculine sport