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Robert W. Motl and Rachel Bollaert

consequences is in a stage of infancy—the focus on intervention research might even be considered premature. The time is ripe for focal inquiry on sedentary behavior in MS and for initiating a new paradigm shift on health-behavior change in this population. References Aminian , S. , Ezeugwu , V.E. , Motl

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Barbara E. Ainsworth and Steven P. Hooker

The health-enhancing benefits of regular physical activity have been theorized for thousands of years. Within the past 25 years, public health agencies, health-related organizations, and health-focused foundations have recognized regular physical activity as a major factor in preventing premature morbidity and mortality. Colleges and universities have experienced a paradigm shift in applying public health strategies to prepare graduates in understanding how to reduce the impact of sedentary lifestyles on health outcomes. For nearly 20 years, some kinesiology departments have expanded from traditional curricula to new courses and degrees in promoting physical activity in the community, the application of epidemiology concepts to physical activity, and the study of policy and environmental approaches to promoting physical activity. Given the high prevalence of physical activity insufficient to prevent premature morbidity and mortality, continuing educational efforts are needed to assure kinesiology students have the skills and information needed to promote physical activity in communities to people of all ages and abilities.

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pathology, including RED-S, premature menopause, thyroid abnormalities, and hyperprolactinemia. Premenstrual syndrome can be associated with performance variation for many women and can cause concern for the athlete. This talk covered the topic of menstruation and health. Whether menstruation itself has a

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Joshua I. Newman

public prematurely and thus stop the study, before it could be properly concluded.” 5 Two of the twenty articles were submitted to the flagship journals in our field: the Sociology of Sport Journal and the International Review for the Sociology of Sport —and it should be noted that both of these

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John Wong and Scott R. Jedlicka

August 27. 46 It turned out that McMahon’s application was premature. Throughout the month of August and up until early September, McMahon, through fellow investor George Ekman, who knew the Humes (Fred and his wife Belva), had been negotiating with Hume’s representative, McNab. In fact, the McMahon

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Bryan C. Clift

conditions such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, stroke, cancer, or premature death ( Bize, Johnson, & Plotnikoff, 2007 ). Fundamentally, their choice to engage in running illustrates how participants incorporated running into their lifestyle as a means for improving their physical

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Debra J. Rose

The discipline of kinesiology has the potential to make significant contributions to the study of fall-related disability and the advancement of national initiatives aimed at reducing disability in the older adult population. Theoretical frameworks routinely used to guide research across the subdisciplines of kinesiology could and should be applied to the study of fall-related disability and the development of movement-based interventions aimed at improving balance and gait and thereby reducing fall incidence rates and/or injury that contributes to premature morbidity and mortality. Current research findings suggest the need for a stronger focus on the learning or relearning of skilled movement patterns and/or cognitive strategies than currently exists in the falls intervention literature. As a profession, kinesiology is uniquely positioned to play an important role in advancing the goals of the Falls Free© national initiative given the important role that exercise plays in the reduction of fall-related disability and mortality.

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Wendy J. Brown and Toby Pavey

The Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health (ALSWH) commenced in Australia in 1996 when researchers recruited approximately 40,000 women in three birth cohorts: 1973–1978, 1946–1951, and 1921–1926. Since then participants have completed surveys on a wide range of health issues, at approximately three-year intervals. This overview describes changes in physical activity (PA) over time in the mid-age and older ALSWH cohorts, and summarizes the findings of studies published to date on the determinants of PA, and its associated health outcomes in Australian women. The ALSWH data show a significant increase in PA during mid-age, and a rapid decline in activity levels when women are in their 80s. The study has demonstrated the importance of life stages and key life events as determinants of activity, the additional benefits of vigorous activity for mid-age women, and the health benefits of ‘only walking’ for older women. ALSWH researchers have also drawn attention to the benefits of activity in terms of a wide range of physical and mental health outcomes, as well as overall vitality and well-being. The data indicate that maintaining a high level of PA throughout mid and older age will not only reduce the risk of premature death, but also significantly extend the number of years of healthy life.

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Melinda A. Solmon

educational process in schools. Ennis’s work in this regard is especially relevant in light of concerns about sedentary lifestyles and physical inactivity as risk factors for premature death. Numerous government reports and professional organizations cite school physical education as an important component in

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Colin D. McLaren and Kevin S. Spink

; DeChurch, & Mesmer-Magnus, 2010 ), it would be premature to discount the effect of communication on outcome in the sport setting. In terms of future research, one interesting direction would be to test for differences in communication patterns if a mismatch occurred between current outcome and past success