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Kevin Patton, Melissa Parker and Erica Pratt

The purpose of this study was to examine the pedagogy of facilitation within physical education professional development (PD). Specific research questions were: 1) What were the self-identified pedagogical strategies employed by facilitators in PD?, and 2) From the perspective of the participants, what strategies contributed to their growth as learners? Participants included fifteen PD facilitators and 88 teachers from eight selected professional learning communities in the U.S. and Europe. Data sources included interviews, artifacts, and field notes. Three participant-centered pedagogical strategies reflected facilitators’ methods and teachers’ perceptions: (a) learning as doing: providing structure without dictating, (b) learning as trying: creating and testing new ideas, and (c) learning as sharing: public presentation of work. By teaching without telling, purposeful facilitator actions contributed to the development of an environment that encouraged teachers to become active participants in the creation of knowledge and development of professional capital.

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Robert Daniel Michael, Collin Webster, Debra Patterson, Patricia Laguna and Clay Sherman


This study examined California middle school physical education teachers’ (grades 6–8) use of assessments based on state standards to grade their students.


An electronic survey was used to collect data.


Of the 309 teachers surveyed, 74% based their assessments on the state physical education standards. Teachers who used standards-based assessments were more prone to assigning higher percentages of students’ grades to achievement-based assessments (e.g., skills testing, fitness, standards competency) than teachers who did not use standards-based assessments. However, all teachers gave similar weightings to administrative-based assessments (e.g., dressing out appropriately). Most of the teachers (91.2%) who reported not using standards-based assessments had limited to no professional development pertaining to the standards and perceived this as the biggest challenge to using standards-based assessments.


This study shows that professional development may be an important factor in teachers’ use of standards-based assessments and achievement-focused grading in middle school physical education.

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Lowri C. Edwards, Anna S. Bryant, Kevin Morgan, Stephen-Mark Cooper, Anwen M. Jones and Richard J. Keegan

implementation can be mitigated via effective professional development programs ( Hunzicker, 2011 ). Professional Development Programs In teaching and education, professional development programs provide feasible opportunities for teachers to develop and refine high-quality teaching practice in an ever

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Robin J. Dunn and Sarah A. Doolittle

preservice PE teacher education, and through professional development and staff training for in-service teachers, activity leaders, and coaches; (b) a summary of barriers to learning and implementing TPSR and recommendations for increasing the impact of formal and informal ways of teaching TPSR; and (c

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Hayley Morrison and Doug Gleddie

assume that professional development (PD)—a provision method used to mitigate challenges that practitioners 1 face in their teaching and assist their understanding about specific processes, concepts, or subject matter ( Darling-Hammond & McLaughlin, 1995 )—would be provided to practitioners instructing

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K. Andrew R. Richards, Chad M. Killian, Christopher J. Kinder, Kaizeen Badshah and Casey Cushing

exist, as social media can be used to promote custodial views and practices ( Tinning, 2004 ), and quality control is limited ( Erwin, 2016 ), the potential of platforms such as Twitter for teachers’ continuing professional development (CPD) and student learning in physical education (PE) is also

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Nathan Hall, Brent Bradford, José da Costa and Daniel B. Robinson

, professional development) influence their perceptions and behaviors with respect to AEAs? and (b) What do PE teachers believe are the biggest barriers with respect to AEAs? Methods This quantitative cross-sectional study was exploratory and descriptive in nature. Descriptive or exploratory studies are commonly

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Charlotte Woodcock, Hugh Richards and Angus Mugford

The aim of the study was to examine and reflect on the learning experiences of a neophyte sport psychologist. Over a 9-week applied internship the first author kept a reflective diary that followed Boud’s (2001) three elements of journal writing. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (Smith & Osborn, 2003) of the data identified 11 themes from the diary, 8 of which were contextualized in 3 self-narrative accounts, including the working environment, anxiety, confidence, being a performer, being a learner, relationships, feedback and practical content. Reflecting on these incidents the neophyte’s supervisor offers another perspective, and along with the narrative accounts, furthers our understanding of important factors, and indicates recommendations to ensure quality training for professional development.

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Rachael Bertram and Wade Gilbert

Continuing professional development (CPD) for sport coaches has been defined as all kinds of professional learning that occurs after initial certification (Nelson et al., 2006), and includes both non-formal and informal learning situations. Despite the fact that within the past decade there has been an increasing number of studies on these learning situations, learning communities as a type of CPD have received little attention. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to share initial observations and lessons learned from creating and implementing sport coach learning communities. In addition, this paper extends the dialogue on learning community implementation and assessment. Our learning community efforts were formulated around five key guidelines: (1) Stable settings dedicated to improving instruction and learning, (2) Job-alike teams, (3) Published protocols that guide but do not prescribe, (4) Trained peer facilitators, and (5) Working on student learning goals until there are tangible gains in student learning.

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Duane Knudson and Karen Meaney

PALIR program consisted of two initiatives: the enhancement of regularly scheduled classroom renovation to support active learning and voluntary professional development for interested faculty. Exiting and incoming department chairs collaborated on requests for enhancement of a typical summer renovation