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Kyra Hamilton and Katherine M. White


Parents are at risk for physical inactivity; however, few studies have designed physical activity (PA) interventions specifically applied to individuals with young children. To ensure the effectiveness of interventions, it may be useful to first elicit the needs from the target population and incorporate salient strategies identified to the design and delivery of a resultant intervention. We aimed to explore strategies for what to include in and how to best deliver a program designed to increase parental PA.


Twelve parents (6 mothers, 6 fathers) of children younger than 5 years participated in focus group discussions exploring strategies for an intervention program designed to increase parental PA.


A range of themes such as Focus on the Children and Flexible Life/Family Plans imbedded in strategies such as persuasion and information, problem-solving, skill building, and environmental approaches were identified. In addition, a range of strategies for how to best deliver a parental PA intervention evidenced in emerging themes such as Diverse and Brief and Individualized Approach was discussed.


Future research should continue to adopt a ground up, community-based approach to the development and implementation of interventions for this at-risk group to ensure sustained involvement in regular PA.

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Barry Lavay

A systematic management program is often needed to control student behavior or elicit their optimum level of performance. One management system that is beginning to receive attention in physical education is the application of physical activity reinforcement (McKenzie, 1979; Siedentop, 1983). This system of reinforcement is defined as a systematic procedure in which a structured time to choose among various physical education activities is contingent on the individual’s meeting a predetermined criterion of behavior. The following discussion of the research conducted on program strategies and benefits utilizing physical activity reinforcement will enable practitioners to incorporate such a management system into their physical education program.

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Leisha Strachan, Tara-Leigh McHugh and Courtney Mason

Exercise , 21 , 115 – 124 . doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2015.03.001 10.1016/j.psychsport.2015.03.001 Blodgett , A.T. , Schinke , R.J. , Fisher , L.A. , Yungblut , H.E. , Recollet-Saikkonen , D. , Peltier , D. , . . . Pickard , P. ( 2010 ). Praxis and community-level sport programming

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Alison B. Pritchard Orr, Kathy Keiver, Chris P. Bertram and Sterling Clarren

achievements and strengths ( BC Ministry of Education, 2017 ). These tenets were paramount in the FAST Club programming strategy. Therefore, FAST Club was developed as an individualized PA program based on each child’s PA strengths and personalized activity choices. Program Design The Bruininks–Oseretsky Test