has only proposed these initial ideas (i.e., Getz & McConnell, 2011 ), asked about general preferences outside of an event participation context (i.e., Buning & Gibson, 2016a , 2016b ), or did not include travel career progression as part of the study (i.e., Newland & Aicher, 2018 ). Therefore
Thomas J. Aicher, Richard J. Buning and Brianna L. Newland
A. Elizabeth Ready, Glen Bergeron, Suzanne L. Boreskie, Barbara Naimark, John Ducas, Jo-Ann V. Sawatzky and Donald T. Drinkwater
This study was a retrospective analysis of injuries sustained by women (mean age 60.9) who completed a 24-week walking intervention. We hypothesized that those who walked 60 min, 5 days/week (n = 27) were more likely to have an injury than those who walked 3 days/week (n = 27), and that predisposing conditions would lead to more injuries. We also examined the effect of the initial 4 weeks’ walking progression on likelihood of injury. A total of 12% of the walkers reported injuries necessitating program withdrawal, 18% reported minor injuries, and 26% reported injuries requiring medical treatment. Age, weight, cardiovascular fitness level, and walking volume were not significantly related to injuries. Women with prior musculoskeletal conditions were more likely to sustain injuries requiring medical treatment (p < .01). For these women, the initial progression may have been too rapid, suggesting that musculoskeletal screening and gradual progression guided by staff is important for moderate as well as intense activity programs.
Kaitlin R. Lilienthal, Anna Evans Pignol, Jeffrey E. Holm and Nancy Vogeltanz-Holm
This study examined the efficacy of motivational interviewing (MI) for increasing physical activity in aging adults. Eighty-six participants aged 55 years and older were randomly assigned to receive either four weekly sessions of telephone-based MI for increasing physical activity, or a healthy activity living guide (information only control). Changes from baseline weekly caloric expenditure from physical activity, self-efficacy for physical activity, and stage of change for physical activity were compared across groups at posttreatment and six months follow-up. Results indicated that MI participants had higher weekly caloric expenditures from physical activity at posttreatment, but not at six months follow-up; higher self-efficacy for physical activity at six months follow-up; and demonstrated greater stage of change progression across assessments. These findings support the use of telephone-based MI for increasing physical activity in older adults in the short-term. Future studies will need to determine if follow-up booster sessions increase long-term efficacy.
William J. Kraemer and Nicholas A. Ratamess
Stacey Alvarez-Alvarado, Graig M. Chow, Nicole T. Gabana, Robert C. Hickner and Gershon Tenenbaum
psychobiological model of multistability ( Balagué et al., 2014 ; Hristovski & Balagué, 2010 ). An incremental cycling test was employed to assess the progression of perceived exertion, attentional focus, affective valence, and activation along a parallel increase in HR using VT as a reference point. VT was found
Farnoosh Mafi, Soheil Biglari, Alireza Ghardashi Afousi and Abbas Ali Gaeini
individuals to the degree that they fall down while walking and may even increase the risk of death ( Kalinkovich & Livshits, 2015 ). The intensity and speed of sarcopenia progression are influenced by several factors, including genetics, resistance training, and nutrition ( Kalinkovich & Livshits, 2015
Corliss Bean, Tineke Dineen and Mary Jung
/year and is projected to reach $39 billion by 2028 ( Diabetes Canada, 2018 ). Adhering to a healthy diet and regular exercise can halt the progression of prediabetes to T2D, thus reducing health care costs and improving quality of life for individuals with prediabetes ( Bilandzic & Rosella, 2017
Johan Pelssers, Christophe Delecluse, Joke Opdenacker, Eva Kennis, Evelien Van Roie and Filip Boen
This study evaluated “Every Step Counts!”—a 10-wk, structured walking intervention in a community-based senior organization—on promoting physical activity participation, fitness, and well-being among older adults (age ≥ 55 yr). The intervention prescribed pedometer-defined walks in weekly walking schedules. These were fitness-tailored and structured in walking load (intensity/volume) according to the principles of training progression. This intervention was offered as a social activity at meeting points of a community-based senior organization. Twenty-nine meeting points (n = 432) constituted the intervention condition. Ten meeting points (n = 148) formed the wait-list control condition. Measurements were organized at intervention start (pretest) and end (posttest). Intention-to-treat linear mixed models showed small positive intervention effects on physical activity, fitness, and aspects of well-being. These results confirm the effectiveness of structured walking interventions with systematic training progression and underscore the value of community-based senior organizations as intervention settings for older adults.
Jill Whitall, Nadja Schott, Leah E. Robinson, Farid Bardid and Jane E. Clark
, Safrit, & Roberts, 1977 ) or correlating motor performance outcomes and physiological traits ( Malina, 1975 ). A more interactionist perspective included considering the effect of the environment on the appearance and progression of gross motor skills. This viewpoint was either from the physical
Stephanie A. Stadden
Through the progression of athletic training education, there has been an increased emphasis on psychosocial aspects related to the field as is evident in the 2011 Athletic Training Education Competencies. The ability to effectively communicate has been identified as an important characteristic for athletic trainers in providing quality care to patients (Raab, Wolfe, Gould, Piland, 2011). Athletic trainers must be able to communicate effectively not only with patients, but also physicians, parents, coaches, and peers. Although research examining effective communication in athletic training is limited, the session will examine existing research performed addressing communication in athletic training and other healthcare professions, such as medicine and nursing. In addition, the session will discuss research linking the athletic trainer-patient relationship and injury reporting tendencies along with practical application of the research to assist the athletic trainer in further development of their professional relationships.