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William McTeer and James E. Curtis

This study examines the relationship between physical activity in sport and feelings of well-being, testing alternative interpretations of the relationship between these two variables. It was expected that there would be positive relationships between physical activity on the one hand and physical fitness, feelings of well-being, social interaction in the sport and exercise environment, and socioeconomic status on the other hand. It was also expected that physical fitness, social interaction, and socioeconomic status would be positively related to psychological well-being. Further, it was expected that any positive zero-order relationship of physical activity and well-being would be at least in part a result of the conjoint effects of the other variables. The analyses were conducted separately for the male and female subsamples of a large survey study of Canadian adults. The results, after controls, show a modest positive relationship of physical activity and well-being for males but no such relationship for females. The predicted independent effects of the control factors obtained for both males and females. Interpretations of the results are discussed.

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Merrill J. Melnick, Beth E. Vanfossen and Donald F. Sabo

This study examined the impact of athletic participation on the academic, social, and social–psychological development of high school girls. A panel design and multistage sampling were used to assess the effect of athletic participation on perceived popularity, sex-role attitudes, psychological well-being, sociability, delinquency, academic achievement, educational aspiration, and extracurricular involvement. Data were obtained from transcript records and survey questionnaires administered during the subjects’ sophomore (1980) and senior (1982) years. Multiple regression analysis revealed that athletic participation was strongly related to extracurricular involvement, modestly related to perceived popularity, but only slightly related to delinquency and educational aspiration. Athletic participation was not related to psychological well-being or sex-role attitudes.

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Kristen Lucas and E. Whitney G. Moore

responses . Women & Health, 53 ( 8 ), 843 – 857 . doi: 10.1080/03630242.2013.835298 Brown , T.C. , & Fry , M.D. ( 2014 ). Motivational climate, staff and members’ behaviors, and members’ psychological well-being at a national fitness franchise . Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 85 ( 2

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Amy Whitehead, Kanayo Umeh, Barbara Walsh, Eleanor Whittaker and Colum Cronin

development of more self-determined regulations, which underpin task persistence and psychological well-being ( Ryan & Deci, 2000 ; Sheldon, Elliot, Kim, & Kasser, 2001 ). Autonomy is characterized by feelings of choice and being able to choose one’s own behavior. Relatedness refers to feeling connectedness

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George B. Cunningham, Na Young Ahn, Arden J. Anderson and Marlene A. Dixon

attractive to job seekers ( Madera, Dawson, & Neal, 2018 ) and are linked with physical well-being, psychological well-being, and performance among employees ( Bidee et al., 2017 ; Cunningham, Buzuvis, & Mosier, 2018 ; McKay, Avery, & Morris, 2009 ; Rogers, Crossway, & Aronson, 2018 ). As coaches are

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Jenny McMahon, Camilla J. Knight and Kerry R. McGannon

. Emotional abuse is occurring in sport. According to Gervis and Dunn ( 2004 ), the most common forms of emotional abuse in sport are shouting, belittling, threats and humiliation. “The behaviour of some coaches is a threat to the psychological well-being of child athletes” ( Gervis & Dunn, 2004 , p. 215

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Susan Lagaert, Mieke Van Houtte and Henk Roose

Sociology, 8 ( 3 ), 291 – 309 . doi:10.1177/1749975514533686 10.1177/1749975514533686 Young , R. , & Sweeting , H. ( 2004 ). Adolescent bullying, relationships, psychological well-being, and gender-atypical behavior: A gender diagnosticity approach . Sex Roles, 50 ( 7–8 ), 525 – 537 . doi:10

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Jessica L. David, Matthew D. Powless, Jacqueline E. Hyman, DeJon M. Purnell, Jesse A. Steinfeldt and Shelbi Fisher

& Sanderson, 2012 , p. 509). The transmission of critical feedback is not an isolated incident and greatly affects student athletes on a larger scale. One area in particular that is heavily affected is student athletes’ psychological well-being. Sanderson and Truax ( 2014 ) likened the exchange of critical

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Wonseok Jang, Yong Jae Ko, Daniel L. Wann and Daehwan Kim

when sport spectatorship may positively influence happiness by using energy as a key metaphor. The concept of energy has received considerable attention from psychologists, who often use it as a metaphor to understand psychological well-being, such as feelings of enjoyment ( Ryan & Frederick, 1997

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Alan L. Smith and Daniel Gould

know moving forward. The special issue opens with an article by Daniel Gould that offers an overview of contemporary youth sport and shares examples of critical issues pertaining to physical and psychological well-being, access and structural issues, sport culture, social influence, economics