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María Hernández, Fabrício Zambom-Ferraresi, Pilar Cebollero, Javier Hueto, José Antonio Cascante and María M. Antón

lower extremities and the functional capacity in this population. We hypothesized that muscle power output of the quadriceps femoris would have stronger association with physical activity and functional capacity than maximum dynamic strength in older men with COPD. Methods Participants An observational

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Maria À. Cebrià i Iranzo, Mercè Balasch-Bernat, María Á. Tortosa-Chuliá and Sebastià Balasch-Parisi

the muscle to be evaluated in relative shortened position, maintaining a maximal and sustained contraction for at least 3 s. The movements tested were knee extension (quadriceps femoris) and elbow flexion (biceps brachii) ( Bean et al., 2002 ). The maximal handgrip strength (in kg) was measured with a

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Daniël M. van Leeuwen, Fabian van de Bunt, Cornelis J. de Ruiter, Natasja M. van Schoor, Dorly J.H. Deeg and Kaj S. Emanuel

.1097/PHM.0b013e3181ddd5c3 Pap , G. , Machner , A. , & Awiszus , F. ( 2004 ). Strength and voluntary activation of the quadriceps femoris muscle at different severities of osteoarthritic knee joint damage . Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 22 ( 1 ), 96 – 103 . PubMed doi:10.1016/S0736

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Tijs Delabastita, Stijn Bogaerts and Benedicte Vanwanseele

), 3907 – 3923 . PubMed ID: 16215218 doi:10.1242/jeb.01830 * Karamanidis , K. , & Arampatzis , A. ( 2006 ). Mechanical and morphological properties of human quadriceps femoris and triceps surae muscle-tendon unit in relation to aging and running . Journal of Biomechanics, 39 ( 3 ), 406 – 417

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AmirAli Jafarnezhadgero, Morteza Madadi-Shad, Christopher McCrum and Kiros Karamanidis

free moment (FM) which may, in turn, reduce the possibility of ACL injury, patellofemoral pain syndrome, and other disorders. Traditional knee rehabilitation programs that focus on isolated quadriceps femoris or hamstring muscle group exercises, in conjunction with primarily uniplanar sagittal plane

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Deborah Hebling Spinoso, Nise Ribeiro Marques, Dain Patrick LaRoche, Camilla Zamfollini Hallal, Aline Harumi Karuka, Fernanda Cristina Milanezi and Mauro Gonçalves

-Snyder , L.L. , Manini , T. , Ploutz-Snyder , R.J. , & Wolf , D.A. ( 2002 ). Functionally relevant thresholds of quadriceps femoris strength . The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 57 ( 4 ), B144 – B152 . PubMed ID: 11909879 doi:10.1093/gerona/57.4.B

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Tom Clifford

-sectional area in the affected limbs using magnetic resonance imaging. While the cross-sectional area was unaffected, the T 2 intensity in the quadriceps femoris was markedly lower in the NSAID group (∼27–35%) in the 10 days following exercise, suggesting that NSAID supplementation either accelerated the

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. gastrocnemius medialis, M. biceps femoris, M. gluteus maximus, M. quadriceps femoris, M. tibialis anterior) assessed by Noraxon EMG application. Results of repeated-measures ANOVAs show significantly higher activation in CIRC in the M. gastrocnemius medialis ( F (1,23) = 4.76 p  = .04 eta 2  = .17) and M