Maureen M. Smith
Edited by David L. Andrews, Daniel S. Mason and Michael L. Silk
Amy Whitehead, Kanayo Umeh, Barbara Walsh, Eleanor Whittaker and Colum Cronin
. ( 1992 ). Achievement goals and adaptive motivational patterns: The role of the environment . In G.C. Roberts (Ed.), Motivation in sport and exercise human kinetics (pp. 161 – 176 ). Champaign, IL : Human Kinetics . Andrews , D.L. , Mason , D.S. , & Silk , M.L. ( 2005 ). Qualitative
Gretchen Kerr, Erin Willson and Ashley Stirling
. Child Abuse Review, 13 ( 3 ), 215 – 223 . doi:10.1002/car.843 10.1002/car.843 Green , J. , & Thorogood , N. ( 2009 ). Qualitative methods for health research . In J. Green & N. Thorogood (Eds.), Qualitative methods for health research (pp. 3 – 34 ). London, UK : Sage . Hobson , W
Kamiel Reid and Christine Dallaire
being an insider-outsider in qualitative research . International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 8 ( 1 ), 54 – 63 . doi:10.1177/160940690900800105 10.1177/160940690900800105 Fairclough , N. ( 2010 ). Critical discourse analysis the critical study of language ( 2nd ed. ). Harlow, UK : Longman
George B. Cunningham, Na Young Ahn, Arden J. Anderson and Marlene A. Dixon
assessing macro-level factors with quantitative approaches; (b) scholars using qualitative methods being better able to uncover the intricacies and nuances of macro-level influences; (c) the higher likelihood of qualitative researchers drawing from sociological theories—frameworks well-positioned to address
). Qualitative methods are often used in feminist research in order to position women and their experiences at the center of inquiry and can therefore enact social change and facilitate social justice for women ( Hesse-Biber & Leavy, 2007 ; Marshall & Rossman, 2015 ). Applying a feminist qualitative methodology
Mallory Mann and Vikki Krane
.), Qualitative methods in sports studies (pp. 165 – 184 ). New York, NY : Berg . Mealer , M. , & Jones , J. ( 2014 ). Methodological and ethical issues related to qualitative telephone interviews on sensitive topics . Nurse Researcher, 21 ( 4 ), 32 – 37 . PubMed ID: 24673351 doi:10.7748/nr2014
This study of organizational culture in selected sport associations in Western Australia introduced a quantitative methodology to explore organizational culture to show its usefulness to complement the more qualitative methods traditionally applied to the study of organizational culture. The study used the competing values approach to develop cultural profiles for three sport organizations, which were compared with the sport association members' anecdotal, subjective views of their respective organizations. While the findings reveal evidence of the tensions between volunteers and employees that suggest the existence of subcultures, this study just touches the tip of the organizational culture “iceberg” in sport management. The conclusions indicate some benefits of using the competing values model in conjunction with more qualitative methods to probe sport organizational culture.
Pirkko Markula and Lorraine A. Friend
There are many qualitative methods that, from different theoretical frameworks, can be used to map individuals’ everyday experiences in the sport industry. In this article we introduce one such method, memory-work, which involves participants writing specific texts about recalled experiences that are then analyzed in a collective research group. In order to discuss how sport management researchers can benefit from this methodology, this article explains the paradigmatic framework and the process of conducting memory-work. It concludes by assessing benefits of this interpretive methodology for sport management research.