Research has supported mindfulness as a predictor of athletic success. This study used a parallel trial design to examine the benefit of a brief one-session mindfulness training for performance on an individual, nonpacing, closed skill athletic task (i.e., golf putting). All participants (N = 65) answered questionnaires and engaged in two trials of the putting task. Participants were randomly assigned to an intervention or control group using a simple randomization strategy. Between trials, the intervention group received a mindfulness intervention. Mindfulness intervention included psychoeducation, reflection upon previous sport experiences, an experiential exercise, and putting applications. Repeated-measures ANOVAs demonstrated that the intervention group exhibited more successful outcomes on objective putting performance, flow state experience, and state anxiety (p < .05). Results suggest mindfulness may prevent performance deterioration and could produce psychological benefits after a brief training session.
Joanne E. Perry, Michael Ross, Jeremiah Weinstock and Terri Weaver
Edel Langan, John Toner, Catherine Blake and Chris Lonsdale
We conducted a cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) to test the effects of a self-determination theory-based intervention on athlete motivation and burnout. In addition, we examined the feasibility and acceptability of the intervention. We randomly assigned youth Gaelic football coaches (N = 6) and their teams to an experimental or a delayed treatment control group (n = 3 each group). We employed linear mixed modeling to analyze changes in player motivation and burnout as a result of their coach participating in a 12-week SDT-based intervention. In addition, we conducted a fidelity assessment to examine whether the intervention was implemented as planned. The findings demonstrated the feasibility and acceptability of implementing a self-determination theory-based intervention in the coaching domain. In addition, this study demonstrated favorable trends in the quality of player motivation and burnout symptoms as a result of an SDT-based intervention.
Rory J. Mack, Jeff D. Breckon, Paul D. O’Halloran and Joanne Butt
al., 2012), is becoming widespread in many randomized controlled trials and clinical intervention settings, and applied sport psychology could potentially learn and benefit from such practices. Implications for Future Research and Training In considering these implications for applied practice, there are
Britton W. Brewer, Adisa Haznadar, Dylan Katz, Judy L. Van Raalte and Albert J. Petitpas
basketball athletes in urban public high schools: Cluster randomized controlled trial . Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 165, 1033 – 1040 . doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2011.168 10.1001/archpediatrics.2011.168 Lidor , R. ( 2007 ). Preparatory routines in self-paced events: Do they benefit
Evangelos Galanis, Antonis Hatzigeorgiadis, Nikos Comoutos, Fedra Charachousi and Xavier Sanchez
Psychologist, 16 , 368 – 383 . doi:10.1123/tsp.16.4.368 10.1123/tsp.16.4.368 Persoon , M.C. , van Putten , K. , Muijtjens , A.M. , Witjes , J.A. , Hendrikx , A.J. , & Scherpbier , A.J. ( 2011 ). Effect of distraction on the performance of endourological tasks: A randomized controlled trial
Andrew G. Wood, Jamie B. Barker, Martin Turner and Peter Thomson
control in randomized controlled trials of psychosocial interventions: Theory and practice . Trials, 16 , 150 . doi:10.1186/s13063-015-0679-0 10.1186/s13063-015-0679-0 Skordilis , E.K. , Skafida , F.A. , Chrysagis , N. , & Nikitaras , N. ( 2006 ). Comparison of sport achievement orientation
Courtney W. Hess, Stacy L. Gnacinski and Barbara B. Meyer
. , Shiels , K. ,. . . Tunbridge , J. ( 2000 ). Results at 1 year of outpatient multidisciplinary pulmonary rehabilitation: A randomized controlled trial . Lancet, 355, 362 – 368 . doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(99)07042-7 10.1016/S0140-6736(99)07042-7 Guagenti-Tax , E.M. , DiLorenzo , T