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Elizabeth A. Schlenk, G. Kelley Fitzgerald, Joan C. Rogers, C. Kent Kwoh and Susan M. Sereika

activity interventions can promote physical activity and improve outcomes in adults with KOA. For example, a recent meta-analysis of four randomized controlled trials in adults with lower-extremity OA examined the effect of counseling-based physical activity interventions following one or more American

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Kimberlee A. Gretebeck, Caroline S. Blaum, Tisha Moore, Roger Brown, Andrzej Galecki, Debra Strasburg, Shu Chen and Neil B. Alexander

lifestyle physical activity in older adults with T2DM. Methods Study Design This study was a randomized controlled trial. Older adults with T2DM were randomized to either a center-based moderate-intensity FCT intervention with lifestyle behavior change to optimize physical activity adoption and maintenance

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Carol R. Glass, Claire A. Spears, Rokas Perskaudas and Keith A. Kaufman

’s college team reported significant improvements in mindfulness, goal-directed energy, and perceived stress. Similarly, a randomized controlled trial with female collegiate basketball players showed significantly more improvements in emotion regulation, substance use, and hostility from post-intervention to

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Pedro L. Valenzuela, Javier S. Morales, Adrián Castillo-García and Alejandro Lucia

ketone supplement was ingested before (ie, in the hours prior to exercise) or during exercise, but not “chronically” (during more than 1 d) or postexercise (as a recovery aid); and (4) used a randomized controlled trial design that included at least one control intervention consisting of taking a drink

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Lisa Price, Katrina Wyatt, Jenny Lloyd, Charles Abraham, Siobhan Creanor, Sarah Dean and Melvyn Hillsdon

Assessing children’s physical activity (PA) using accelerometry is now common place in cohort studies ( 2 , 6 , 9 ) and randomized controlled trials ( 14 , 32 ). However, researchers still face challenges regarding choice of minimum wear-time criteria and participant compliance (ie, those who meet

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Aline Mendes Gerage, Tânia Rosane Bertoldo Benedetti, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias, Ana Célia Oliveira dos Santos, Bruna Cadengue Coêlho de Souza and Fábio Araujo Almeida

worksite-based weight loss randomized controlled trial: the worksite study . Obesity (Silver Spring) . 2015 ; 23 ( 4 ): 737 – 745 . doi:10.1002/oby.20899 25678325 10.1002/oby.20899 9. Mendoza-Ruvalcaba NM , Arias-Merino ED . “I am active”: effects of a program to promote active aging . Clin Interv

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K. Dillon and Harry Prapavessis

randomized controlled trial (RCT; Arain, Campbell, Cooper, & Lancaster, 2010 ). Methods Design This was a 10-week single-site pilot RCT. Ethical approval was received from The University of Western Ontario Ethics Committee. The intervention was registered as a clinical trial (reference: ClinicalTrials

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Nicole K. Nathan, Rachel L. Sutherland, Kirsty Hope, Nicole J. McCarthy, Matthew Pettett, Ben Elton, Rebecca Jackson, Stewart G. Trost, Christophe Lecathelinais, Kathryn Reilly, John H. Wiggers, Alix Hall, Karen Gillham, Vanessa Herrmann and Luke Wolfenden

school PA policies requiring minimum time for PA has on student PA levels has not been widely examined in randomized controlled trials. 4 Given the existence of such policies across multiple jurisdictions internationally, the lack of rigorous evaluation of their impact is an important evidence gap

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Sanne L.C. Veldman, Rachel A. Jones, Rebecca M. Stanley, Dylan P. Cliff, Stewart A. Vella, Steven J. Howard, Anne-Maree Parrish and Anthony D. Okely

program that combined physical activity and academic enrichment activities. This program was piloted in a randomized controlled trial, 8 and positive results for physical activity were reported. However, academic/learning-related outcomes were not assessed. Furthermore, the program was facilitated by

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Adelle Gadowski, Alice J. Owen, Andrea Curtis, Natalie Nanayakkara, Stephane Heritier, Marie Misso and Sophia Zoungas

synthesize available evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effect of statin therapy compared with placebo or control on physical activity or physical fitness among adults. Methods Data Sources and Searches A systematic search of published literature was conducted in MEDLINE (Medical