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Kimberlee A. Gretebeck, Caroline S. Blaum, Tisha Moore, Roger Brown, Andrzej Galecki, Debra Strasburg, Shu Chen and Neil B. Alexander

lifestyle physical activity in older adults with T2DM. Methods Study Design This study was a randomized controlled trial. Older adults with T2DM were randomized to either a center-based moderate-intensity FCT intervention with lifestyle behavior change to optimize physical activity adoption and maintenance

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Elizabeth A. Schlenk, G. Kelley Fitzgerald, Joan C. Rogers, C. Kent Kwoh and Susan M. Sereika

activity interventions can promote physical activity and improve outcomes in adults with KOA. For example, a recent meta-analysis of four randomized controlled trials in adults with lower-extremity OA examined the effect of counseling-based physical activity interventions following one or more American

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Carol R. Glass, Claire A. Spears, Rokas Perskaudas and Keith A. Kaufman

’s college team reported significant improvements in mindfulness, goal-directed energy, and perceived stress. Similarly, a randomized controlled trial with female collegiate basketball players showed significantly more improvements in emotion regulation, substance use, and hostility from post-intervention to

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Aline Mendes Gerage, Tânia Rosane Bertoldo Benedetti, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias, Ana Célia Oliveira dos Santos, Bruna Cadengue Coêlho de Souza and Fábio Araujo Almeida

worksite-based weight loss randomized controlled trial: the worksite study . Obesity (Silver Spring) . 2015 ; 23 ( 4 ): 737 – 745 . doi:10.1002/oby.20899 25678325 10.1002/oby.20899 9. Mendoza-Ruvalcaba NM , Arias-Merino ED . “I am active”: effects of a program to promote active aging . Clin Interv

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Nicole K. Nathan, Rachel L. Sutherland, Kirsty Hope, Nicole J. McCarthy, Matthew Pettett, Ben Elton, Rebecca Jackson, Stewart G. Trost, Christophe Lecathelinais, Kathryn Reilly, John H. Wiggers, Alix Hall, Karen Gillham, Vanessa Herrmann and Luke Wolfenden

school PA policies requiring minimum time for PA has on student PA levels has not been widely examined in randomized controlled trials. 4 Given the existence of such policies across multiple jurisdictions internationally, the lack of rigorous evaluation of their impact is an important evidence gap

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K. Dillon and Harry Prapavessis

randomized controlled trial (RCT; Arain, Campbell, Cooper, & Lancaster, 2010 ). Methods Design This was a 10-week single-site pilot RCT. Ethical approval was received from The University of Western Ontario Ethics Committee. The intervention was registered as a clinical trial (reference: ClinicalTrials

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Sanne L.C. Veldman, Rachel A. Jones, Rebecca M. Stanley, Dylan P. Cliff, Stewart A. Vella, Steven J. Howard, Anne-Maree Parrish and Anthony D. Okely

program that combined physical activity and academic enrichment activities. This program was piloted in a randomized controlled trial, 8 and positive results for physical activity were reported. However, academic/learning-related outcomes were not assessed. Furthermore, the program was facilitated by

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Adelle Gadowski, Alice J. Owen, Andrea Curtis, Natalie Nanayakkara, Stephane Heritier, Marie Misso and Sophia Zoungas

synthesize available evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effect of statin therapy compared with placebo or control on physical activity or physical fitness among adults. Methods Data Sources and Searches A systematic search of published literature was conducted in MEDLINE (Medical

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Anna-Eva Prick, Jacomine de Lange, Erik Scherder, Jos Twisk and Anne Margriet Pot

quality randomized controlled trials (RCTs), variations in study design, and methods of analysis. In examining the effects of physical exercise on cognitive functioning, few home-based studies have been performed among people with dementia living in the community ( Forbes et al., 2015 ; Forbes, Thiessen

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Liane S. Lewis, Barnabas Shaw, Srijit Banerjee, Pryscilla Dieguez, James Hernon, Nigel Belshaw and John M. Saxton

using SDT, additional research needs to explore the usefulness of this theory in changing PA behavior in older people. Methods Study Design This was a two-armed nonblinded, parallel randomized controlled trial with equal sample size. Participants ( N  = 31) with bowel polyps were equally randomized to