has also been applied effectively in other areas of health care ( Miller & Rollnick, 2013 ). This 2-year follow-up randomized controlled trial (RCT), which includes a 3- and 12-month follow-up in older community-dwelling adults who needed walking aids or home support, investigates the effectiveness of
Marina Arkkukangas, Susanna Tuvemo Johnson, Karin Hellström, Elisabeth Anens, Michail Tonkonogi and Ulf Larsson
Ulrika Olsson Möller, Jimmie Kristensson, Patrik Midlöv, Charlotte Ekdahl and Ulf Jakobsson
To investigate the effects of a home-based one-year case management intervention in older people with functional dependency and repeated contact with the health care services on self-reported falls and self-reported injurious falls.
The study was a randomized controlled trial with repeated follow-ups. The sample (n = 153) was consecutively and randomly assigned to the intervention group (n = 80, mean age = 81.4 [SD 5.9]) or control group (n = 73, mean age = 81.6 [SD 6.8]). The intervention group received a case management intervention which comprised monthly home visits during 12 months by nurses and physiotherapists employing a multifactorial preventive approach.
In the intervention group, 96 falls occurred during the intervention period compared with 85 falls in the control group (p = .900). There were 40 and 38 injurious falls (p = .669) in the intervention and control groups, respectively.
This home-based case management intervention was not able to prevent falls or injurious falls.
Elizabeth A. Schlenk, G. Kelley Fitzgerald, Joan C. Rogers, C. Kent Kwoh and Susan M. Sereika
activity interventions can promote physical activity and improve outcomes in adults with KOA. For example, a recent meta-analysis of four randomized controlled trials in adults with lower-extremity OA examined the effect of counseling-based physical activity interventions following one or more American
Leila Ahmadnezhad, Ali Yalfani and Behnam Gholami Borujeni
effective in patients with CLBP. The present research was, therefore, conducted to investigate the effect of 8 weeks of IMT on core muscle activity, pulmonary function, and pain intensity in athletes with CLBP. Methods Study Design The present single-blind, randomized, controlled trial was conducted in
Carol R. Glass, Claire A. Spears, Rokas Perskaudas and Keith A. Kaufman
’s college team reported significant improvements in mindfulness, goal-directed energy, and perceived stress. Similarly, a randomized controlled trial with female collegiate basketball players showed significantly more improvements in emotion regulation, substance use, and hostility from post-intervention to
Kimberlee A. Gretebeck, Caroline S. Blaum, Tisha Moore, Roger Brown, Andrzej Galecki, Debra Strasburg, Shu Chen and Neil B. Alexander
lifestyle physical activity in older adults with T2DM. Methods Study Design This study was a randomized controlled trial. Older adults with T2DM were randomized to either a center-based moderate-intensity FCT intervention with lifestyle behavior change to optimize physical activity adoption and maintenance
Xiao Bao, Jie-Wen Tan, Ying Long, Howe Liu and Hui-Yu Liu
, there was little study investigating the effects of intermittent hypoxia for dizziness. The purpose of this study was to investigate dizziness improvement under IHT. Methods Study Design This was a prospective, assessor-blinded randomized controlled trial with a 4-week follow-up period, conducted in a
Karinna Sonálya Aires da Costa, Daniel Tezoni Borges, Liane de Brito Macedo, Caio Alano de Almeida Lins and Jamilson Simões Brasileiro
would increase the neuromuscular performance as well as reduce postural oscillation in individuals subjected to ACL reconstruction. Methods Design This is a blinded randomized controlled trial. Participants The study sample consisted of 48 men (mean age: 27.4 [6.2] y; body mass index: 26.8 [3.8] kg/m 2
TaeYeong Kim, JaeHyuk Lee, SeJun Oh, Seungmin Kim and BumChul Yoon
AM , Salvesen Ø , Vasseljen O . Motor control exercises, sling exercises, and general exercises for patients with chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial with 1-year follow-up . Phys Ther . 2010 ; 90 : 1426 – 1440 . doi:10.2522/ptj.20090421 20671099 10.2522/ptj.20090421 21. Kim
Pedro L. Valenzuela, Javier S. Morales, Adrián Castillo-García and Alejandro Lucia
ketone supplement was ingested before (ie, in the hours prior to exercise) or during exercise, but not “chronically” (during more than 1 d) or postexercise (as a recovery aid); and (4) used a randomized controlled trial design that included at least one control intervention consisting of taking a drink