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Marina Arkkukangas, Susanna Tuvemo Johnson, Karin Hellström, Elisabeth Anens, Michail Tonkonogi and Ulf Larsson

has also been applied effectively in other areas of health care ( Miller & Rollnick, 2013 ). This 2-year follow-up randomized controlled trial (RCT), which includes a 3- and 12-month follow-up in older community-dwelling adults who needed walking aids or home support, investigates the effectiveness of

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Ulrika Olsson Möller, Jimmie Kristensson, Patrik Midlöv, Charlotte Ekdahl and Ulf Jakobsson

Objectives:

To investigate the effects of a home-based one-year case management intervention in older people with functional dependency and repeated contact with the health care services on self-reported falls and self-reported injurious falls.

Methods:

The study was a randomized controlled trial with repeated follow-ups. The sample (n = 153) was consecutively and randomly assigned to the intervention group (n = 80, mean age = 81.4 [SD 5.9]) or control group (n = 73, mean age = 81.6 [SD 6.8]). The intervention group received a case management intervention which comprised monthly home visits during 12 months by nurses and physiotherapists employing a multifactorial preventive approach.

Results:

In the intervention group, 96 falls occurred during the intervention period compared with 85 falls in the control group (p = .900). There were 40 and 38 injurious falls (p = .669) in the intervention and control groups, respectively.

Conclusions:

This home-based case management intervention was not able to prevent falls or injurious falls.

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Kimberlee A. Gretebeck, Caroline S. Blaum, Tisha Moore, Roger Brown, Andrzej Galecki, Debra Strasburg, Shu Chen and Neil B. Alexander

lifestyle physical activity in older adults with T2DM. Methods Study Design This study was a randomized controlled trial. Older adults with T2DM were randomized to either a center-based moderate-intensity FCT intervention with lifestyle behavior change to optimize physical activity adoption and maintenance

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Carol R. Glass, Claire A. Spears, Rokas Perskaudas and Keith A. Kaufman

’s college team reported significant improvements in mindfulness, goal-directed energy, and perceived stress. Similarly, a randomized controlled trial with female collegiate basketball players showed significantly more improvements in emotion regulation, substance use, and hostility from post-intervention to

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Aline Mendes Gerage, Tânia Rosane Bertoldo Benedetti, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias, Ana Célia Oliveira dos Santos, Bruna Cadengue Coêlho de Souza and Fábio Araujo Almeida

worksite-based weight loss randomized controlled trial: the worksite study . Obesity (Silver Spring) . 2015 ; 23 ( 4 ): 737 – 745 . doi:10.1002/oby.20899 25678325 10.1002/oby.20899 9. Mendoza-Ruvalcaba NM , Arias-Merino ED . “I am active”: effects of a program to promote active aging . Clin Interv

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K. Dillon and Harry Prapavessis

randomized controlled trial (RCT; Arain, Campbell, Cooper, & Lancaster, 2010 ). Methods Design This was a 10-week single-site pilot RCT. Ethical approval was received from The University of Western Ontario Ethics Committee. The intervention was registered as a clinical trial (reference: ClinicalTrials

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Adelle Gadowski, Alice J. Owen, Andrea Curtis, Natalie Nanayakkara, Stephane Heritier, Marie Misso and Sophia Zoungas

synthesize available evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effect of statin therapy compared with placebo or control on physical activity or physical fitness among adults. Methods Data Sources and Searches A systematic search of published literature was conducted in MEDLINE (Medical

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Anna-Eva Prick, Jacomine de Lange, Erik Scherder, Jos Twisk and Anne Margriet Pot

quality randomized controlled trials (RCTs), variations in study design, and methods of analysis. In examining the effects of physical exercise on cognitive functioning, few home-based studies have been performed among people with dementia living in the community ( Forbes et al., 2015 ; Forbes, Thiessen

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Liane S. Lewis, Barnabas Shaw, Srijit Banerjee, Pryscilla Dieguez, James Hernon, Nigel Belshaw and John M. Saxton

using SDT, additional research needs to explore the usefulness of this theory in changing PA behavior in older people. Methods Study Design This was a two-armed nonblinded, parallel randomized controlled trial with equal sample size. Participants ( N  = 31) with bowel polyps were equally randomized to

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Noemi Moreno-Segura, Celedonia Igual-Camacho, Yéntel Ballester-Gil, María Clara Blasco-Igual and Jose María Blasco

compared Pilates to control groups performing a daily routine, and all the studies were reported before 2013. The current systematic review and meta-analysis provides more up-to-date evidence and includes only randomized controlled trials (RCT). This aims (a) to determine the effects of Pilates on balance