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Louise Davis and Sophia Jowett

The present preliminary study aimed to develop and examine the psychometric properties of a new sport-specific self-report instrument designed to assess athletes’ and coaches’ attachment styles. The development and initial validation comprised three main phases. In Phase 1, a pool of items was generated based on pre-existing self-report attachment instruments, modified to reflect a coach and an athlete’s style of attachment. In Phase 2, the content validity of the items was assessed by a panel of experts. A final scale was developed and administered to 405 coaches and 298 athletes (N = 703 participants). In Phase 3, confirmatory factor analysis of the obtained data was conducted to determine the final items of the Coach-Athlete Attachment Scale (CAAS). Confirmatory factor analysis revealed acceptable goodness of ft indexes for a 3-first order factor model as well as a 2-first order factor model for both the athlete and the coach data, respectively. A secure attachment style positively predicted relationship satisfaction, while an insecure attachment style was a negative predictor of relationship satisfaction. The CAAS revealed initial psychometric properties of content, factorial, and predictive validity, as well as reliability.

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Christopher Kuenze, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram, Karin Pfieffer, Stephanie Trigsted, Dane Cook, Caroline Lisee and David Bell

return to a healthy frequency, intensity, and volume of physical activity with the goal of promoting a positive outcome from an orthopedic as well as a broader health-based perspective. Developing a clearer understanding of the complex relationship between objective measures of MVPA, self

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Benjamin R. Wilson, Kaley E. Robertson, Jeremy M. Burnham, Michael C. Yonz, Mary Lloyd Ireland and Brian Noehren

injury risk. The Y Balance Test requires the subject to be able to control his or her body while maintaining a single-leg stance. Potentially, this requires adequate hip girdle strength to maintain stability of the pelvis and trunk throughout the test. Although relationships have been reported between

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Victoria McGee and J.D. DeFreese

individuals through both good and bad sport-related experiences ( Jowett & Shanmugam, 2016 ; Jowett & Wylleman, 2006 ). Thus, a deeper understanding of the impact the coach-athlete relationship has on specific athlete psychological outcomes including athlete burnout and engagement has potential theoretical

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Jeffrey G. Williams, Lauryn Darnall and Conrad Schumann

Key Points ▸ Spinal range of motion among players is suspected to be compensatory to tightness in the posterior shoulder. ▸ No studies have tested this relationship. ▸ No relationship was observed between thoracolumbar and glenohumeral ranges of motion. Throwing a baseball demands properly

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Danny M. Pincivero, Rachael R. Polen and Brittany N. Byrd

factors contributing to the reduction in muscle strength as a function of aging, 9 , 10 differences between sexes, 2 and the influence of chronic athletic and resistance training. 2 These previous studies, however, have often limited the investigation of the relationship between muscle size and force

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Sophie Speariett and Ross Armstrong

been developed 26 , 27 which assesses a golfer’s flexibility, strength, and balance using 17 different tests in golf-specific postures to identify physical limitations which may influence swing performance. 27 Only one previous study has investigated the relationship between the GSFMS and performance

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Neal R. Glaviano and Susan Saliba

conditions. 15 – 17 The AKPS is commonly used as a screening tool for study enrollment, with inclusion criteria often set at <85/100 to help describe participant demographics. 18 – 21 Characterizing the relationship between subjective and objective measures within the PFP population has yet to be studied in

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James J. Hannigan, Louis R. Osternig and Li-Shan Chou

adduction 8 – 10 and hip internal rotation 9 , 10 during running compared to healthy controls. Researchers have hypothesized that hip strength may be related to hip kinematics during running, however, this relationship, if there is any, is still unclear. 11 A better understanding of this relationship is

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Francisco Luis Pestaña-Melero, G. Gregory Haff, Francisco Javier Rojas, Alejandro Pérez-Castilla and Amador García-Ramos

, 10 – 12 The use of movement velocity to predict relative load is justified by the strong relationship that has been observed between mean velocity and %1RM in both upper and lower body exercises performed in a Smith machine. 10 , 13 However, the reliability of mean velocity to predict the 1RM could