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Gregory J. Welk

physical activity behavior. One particularly challenging issue in physical activity research is reconciling the large discrepancies in estimates of physical activity obtained from different instruments, specifically between accelerometry-based activity monitors and report-based measures. The issue was

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Sofiya Alhassan, Christine W. St. Laurent and Sarah Burkart

of 39 primary studies published between 1986 and 2007 that consisted of 10,316 participants. Physical activity levels were measured using different techniques (i.e., parental report, pedometers, direct observation, accelerometers, and doubly labeled water). Tucker ( 2008 ) reported that approximately

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Chad M. Killian, Christopher J. Kinder and Amelia Mays Woods

guidelines outlined in the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews extension for Scoping Reviews Checklist (PRISMA-Sc; Tricco et al., 2018 ). Scoping reviews are particularly useful when the literature on a certain topic is broad and heterogeneous ( Tricco et al., 2016 ). The utility of this method

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Kimberly A. Clevenger, Michael J. Wierenga, Cheryl A. Howe and Karin A. Pfeiffer

free-play PA during the school day ( Ramstetter, Murray, & Garner, 2010 ), and it contributes up to 70% of weekday PA ( Guinhouya et al., 2009 ; Mota et al., 2005 ; Ridgers, Stratton, & Fairclough, 2006 ). Despite the fact that recess makes an important contribution to daily PA, many studies report

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Thomas L. McKenzie

be accrued at school ( CDC, 2013 ; Institute of Medicine, 2013 ). While most children do not accrue enough physical activity for health purposes ( Troiano et al., 2008 ), schools do not seem to be doing their part. For example, the 2018 United States Report Card on Physical Activity for Children

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Shannon C. Mulhearn, Pamela Hodges Kulinna and Collin Webster

many schools do not use all five components of the CSPAP model (e.g.,  Hunt & Metzler, 2017 ; Russ et al., 2015 ), and stakeholders (e.g., school professionals, preservice teachers, teacher-education faculty) have reported barriers to implementing new PA opportunities in the CSPAP framework (e

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Brennan Petersen, Mark Eys, Kody Watson and M. Blair Evans

communication is to report on a scoping review that was employed to summarize research focused on the dynamics in youth groups. We were predominantly concerned with the state of research regarding sport groups. However, we believed there would be benefits to considering and interpreting parallel literatures of

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A. Mark Williams and Bradley Fawver

.g., principal-component analysis; Huys, Smeeton, Hodges, Beek, & Williams, 2008 ) and a greater reliance on the use of multiple-process tracing measures such as eye-movement recording and verbal reports (e.g., McRobert, Ward, Eccles, & Williams, 2011 ). Similarly, the importance of pattern recognition and

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Jeffrey J. Martin

biked on an exercise bike. I found it very boring as I am quite an active person. . . . But I don’t know, it did not seem to matter to them whether I took part or not. ( Bredahl, 2013 , p. 40) In other cases there have been reports that youth in physical education were forced to play nonadapted sports

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Kevin M. Guskiewicz and Samuel R. Walton

( Guskiewicz, Ross, & Marshall, 2001 ; McCrory, 2005 ). In addition, the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool was first introduced as a standardized sideline assessment of concussion. In the ensuing 15 years, the scope of the assessment paradigm has evolved. There is growing evidence that assessments of self-reported