Running as a recreational activity has become a popular leisure pursuit. Surveys indicate approximately 65 million Americans ( Statista, 2017a ), 50 million Europeans ( Breedveld, Scheerder, & Borgers, 2015 ), and 61 million Australians ( Medibank, 2016 ) run regularly. Globally, marathon running
Heather Kennedy, Bradley J. Baker, Jeremy S. Jordan and Daniel C. Funk
Tricia D. McGuire-Adams and Audrey R. Giles
methodological approaches that guided the data collection. Third, we present the three themes that emerged from the dibaajimowinan of the women: running as ceremony and healing; the significance of running as a group; and running for health and personal goals. Finally, we discuss the importance and implications
Noora J. Ronkainen, Amanda Shuman and Lin Xu
In the last half decade, China has seen a phenomenal boom in leisure running, known colloquially as a “running craze” ( paobu re ) or “marathon fever” ( malasong re ). Although there have existed a few running events in China for decades such as the Beijing marathon, organised since 1981 ( http
Laura Frances Chase
This article explores the cultural construction of Clydesdale runners and large or fat running bodies. I draw from Michel Foucault’s theoretical work and in-depth, semistructured interviews, primary source materials, and my experiences as a Clydesdale runner to examine the ways in which certain runners and their bodies are constructed as fat, unacceptable, and undisciplined. I begin with an overview of the development of distance running and associated weight divisions in the U.S. This is followed by an exploration of the ways in which large or fat runners and their bodies are constructed. I conclude with a discussion of the ways in which the “large” or “fat” running body is both a site of control and a site of resistance.
Katherine A. Bond and Joanne Batey
This study explores the relationship between self-cognitions and running behavior in a group of female recreational runners. Consistent with theories of self-esteem and exerciser self-schemata, it aims to identify how running can impact on the self, and how self-cognitions can influence motivation and adherence to running. In-depth interviews were conducted with 16 women of varying age, ability, and running experience who had entered a major women’s 10K race. Inductive data analysis revealed that there was a bi-directional relationship between running involvement and self-cognitions. Running provided experiences which led to enhanced self-esteem, notably through perceived improvements to the physical self, but also through increases in mastery/achievement and physical competence. These changes contributed to the value of running for the women, strengthened their exercise self-schema, and increased the likelihood of adherence to running. However, family responsibilities constrained the women in their ability to run, impacting on the exercise-self relationship outlined.
Yuhei Inoue, Daniel Funk and Jeremy S. Jordan
The current study investigated the role of running involvement in helping improve the lives of a homeless population through an examination of a community-based program that utilizes running as a means to promote self-sufficiency. Data collected from 148 individuals before and after their participation in the program for one month revealed participants increased their psychological involvement in running. A regression analysis further indicated that the participants’ perceived self-sufficiency from participating in the program was significantly explained by the extent of their increase in running involvement. These findings highlight the role of enhanced involvement in sport, in particular in the form of running, in creating important psychological benefits for homeless individuals, and provide theoretical implications for the literature on sport-for-development.
Mikihiro Sato, Jeremy S. Jordan and Daniel C. Funk
The current study examines whether a distance running event has the capacity to promote participants’ life satisfaction. The construct of psychological involvement was used to investigate the impact of attitude change through event preparation and subsequent activity. Data were collected four times through online surveys from running event participants (N = 211) over a five-month period. Latent growth modeling analyses revealed that participants’ life satisfaction peaked immediately after the event before receding, indicating that event participation exerted a positive impact on participants’ evaluations toward their lives. A positive significant association was also found between change in pleasure in running and change in life satisfaction. Findings from this study provide empirical support that a distance running event can serve as an environmental determinant that enhances participants’ life satisfaction by providing positive experiences through event participation and forming psychological involvement in physical activity.
Tracy Danner and Sharon Ann Plowman
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of a preceding intense cycling bout on subsequent running economy in female duathletes and triathletes. Thirteen female duathletes and triathletes (age = 27.5 ± 3.36 yrs.) took part in three testing sessions: (a) measurement of running economy at 169, 177, 196, and 215 m·min−1 and running VO2 max; (b) remeasurement of running economy and measurement of cycling VO2 max; and (c) a 45 minute cycling bout at 70% of cycling VO2 max, immediately followed by measurement of running economy. Intraclass correlation coefficients between Day 1 and Day 2 running economy values ranged from 0.31 to 0.78. A systematic difference occurred at 169 m·min−1 only, with mean VO2 being higher on Day 1 than Day 2 (p<0.02). Based upon dependent t-tests, significantly higher running economy values (p<0.02) but not blood lactate concentrations (p>0.02) following the submaximal cycling bout compared to the control condition (mean of Day 1 and Day 2), at each of the four test velocities were found. Therefore we conclude that running economy was significantly impaired following a 45 minute intense cycling bout in female duathletes and triathletes, but lactate values remained constant.
broad overview is essential. In drawing these “big pictures” for an entry-level course in kinesiology, I also want to build connections between cultural approaches to human movement and scientific knowledge about human movement. The emerging paradigm on the role of running in human evolution and history
Theresa A. Walton and Ted M. Butryn
In this article, we examine the complex relationship between whiteness and men’s U.S. distance running. Through a critical examination of over 700 print and electronic sources dealing with distance running in the U.S. from the 1970s through the present, we present evidence that distance running has been framed as a “White space” that is threatened by both external factors (dominance of male international distance-running competition by athletes from African nations) and internal factors (lack of U.S. White male success in conjunction with the success of U.S. citizens of color, born within and outside of the U.S.). We also examine several forms of backlash against these perceived threats, including the media focus on a succession of next White hopes, the rise of U.S. only prize money in road races, and the marginalization of African-born U.S. runners. Our analysis reveals how the media works to normalize whiteness within the larger narrative of U.S. distance running and suggests the need for future work on whiteness and sport.