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Kenneth E. Mobily, Jon H. Lemke, Greg A. Drube, Robert B. Wallace, David K. Leslie and Ellen Weissinger

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between attitude toward physical activity and exercise practices among a large, well-defined population of rural mid western elderly. The frequency of participation in exercise was a composite across three questions regarding physical activity. Intensity of exercise was also considered. The data were analyzed according to a weighted least-squares approach to categorical data. The resulting chisquare goodness-of-fit model was significant and replicated the exercise behavior of the subjects. A significant main effect for gender and a significant age × attitude interaction was observed. The main effect for gender revealed that, for any age × attitude combination, males were more apt to participate at a given exercise level. However, age mediated the influence of attitude on exercise. Older age had a more detrimental effect on exercise behavior if attitude toward exercise was positive.

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Curtis Kindel and John Challis

patellofemoral syndrome and, if determined deficient, should rehabilitate this muscle group. Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank the DiSepio Institute for Rural Health and Wellness at Saint Francis University and Director, Mark Boland, for the use of the Biodex isokinetic dynamometer in this study

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Soubhagyalaxmi Mohanty, Balaram Pradhan and Alex Hankey

: Churchill Livingstone . doi:10.1016/b978-0-7020-3473-2.00009-5 10.1016/B978-0-7020-3473-2.00009-5 Özdirenç , M. , Özcan , A. , Akin , F. , & Gelecek , N. ( 2005 ). Physical fitness in rural children compared with urban children in Turkey . Pediatrics International, 47 ( 1 ), 26 – 31 . PubMed ID

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Fleur E.C.A. van Rens, Erika Borkoles, Damian Farrow and Remco C.J. Polman

grounds of the TAC Cup teams, and at the national training camp of the AFL talent academy. Of the five participating TAC Cup teams, one was located in rural Victoria, two were located in regional Victoria, and two were located in Melbourne. Written consent was provided by all participants. Additionally

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Gabriella McLoughlin, Courtney Weisman Fecske, Yvette Castaneda, Candace Gwin and Kim Graber

level. Unfortunately, there are limited adapted sport opportunities available to children and youth in K-12 schools and local communities, particularly in rural locations. Conclusion The purpose of the present study was to identify the motivations, facilitators, and barriers to participation in sport

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Tanya R. Prewitt-White

for Grooming Coach and I spent time together during summer months when I would be at home while my parents worked to provide opportunities for their daughters. He often took me raspberry or strawberry picking, to breakfast in a nearby rural community or invited me to his home to play bridge. He would

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Jaehun Jung, Willie Leung, Bridgette Marie Schram and Joonkoo Yun

categories play a unique role in encouraging or creating obstacles to physical activity. A previous study revealed that physical activity engagement is an interaction of environmental and biological factors ( Jin & Yun, 2013 ). Environmental factors relate to where the person lives (country, city vs. rural

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Emma V. Richardson, Sarah Blaylock, Elizabeth Barstow, Matthew Fifolt and Robert W. Motl

urban and rural areas. All participants were assigned pseudonyms to maintain the confidentiality of participants. Based on Godin-Shephard Leisure Time Physical Activity Questionnaire and Patient Determined Disease Steps scale scores, the dispersal of participants were as such; four had a mild impairment

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Graig M. Chow, Matthew D. Bird, Stinne Soendergaard and Yanyun Yang

’Connor , M. , & Casey , L. ( 2015 ). The Mental Health Literacy Scale (MHLS): A new scale-based measure of mental health literacy . Psychiatry Research, 229 , 511 – 516 . doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2015.05.064 Pierce , D. , Liaw , S.T. , Dobell , J. , & Anderson , R. ( 2010 ). Australian rural

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Emily Kroshus, Jessica Wagner, David L. Wyrick and Brian Hainline

.1080/07448481.2010.483714 Pierce , D. Liaw , S.-T. Dobell , J. , & Anderson , R. ( 2010 ). Australian rural football club leaders as mental health advocates: An investigation of the impact of the Coach the Coach project . International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 4 ( 1 ), 10 . doi:10.1186/1752-4458-4-10 Proctor