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Erica L. Carleton, Julian Barling, Amy M. Christie, Melissa Trivisonno, Kelsey Tulloch and Mark R. Beauchamp

Based on the contention that leadership has sustained effects on followers even after the leader–follower relationship has ended, we investigated the career-long effects of abusive coach leadership on athlete aggression and task performance. Abusive leadership scores were derived from ratings by two independent raters’ evaluations of coaches’ biographies, and athlete aggression and task performance data were derived from objective sources. Data were obtained from players (N = 693) and coaches (N = 57) involved in the National Basketball Association (NBA) between the 2000–2001 and 2005–2006 seasons. Controlling for tenure, salary, team winning percentage, and absence due to injuries, multilevel modeling showed that exposure to abusive leadership influenced both the trajectory of psychological aggression and task performance over players’ careers. These findings suggest that the effects of abusive leadership extend far longer than currently acknowledged, thus furthering our understanding of the nature and effects of abusive leadership.

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year preceding the draft. Insider evaluations were composed of the actual draft rank and the first-year salary, whereas the outsider evaluations were a composite score involving expert rankings from espn.com and draftscout.com . Finally, to facilitate comparison across teams and positions for

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Weiyang Deng, Douglas L. Vanderbilt and Beth A. Smith

Total Education Solutions. Thank you to Rosana Abeyta-Torres, Alexis Arak, Elizabeth Ballance, Andrea Carlow, Alexandra Corley, Bethany Hart, Hal Huynh, Lindsay Kirlin, Raquel Lopez, Jessie Maguire, and Bailey Ouellette. Dr. Smith’s salary was supported by the Foundation for Physical Therapy (NIFTI to

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Teun van Erp, Dajo Sanders and Jos J. de Koning

regulations on salaries for Pro Continental and World Tour male cyclists. For male cyclists at that level, it is obligatory to receive a certain minimum salary, whereas in contrast, for females at that level, this is not (yet) the case. As a result, some professional female cyclists may be working part

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Blake D. McLean, Donald Strack, Jennifer Russell and Aaron J. Coutts

performance. Acknowledgments No funding has been received for the preparation of this manuscript, and the authors declare no potential conflicts of interest. References 1. Entertainment and Sports Programming Network . NBA Player Salaries—2017–2018 . 2018 . http://www.espn.com/nba/salaries . Accessed

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Meredith Rocchi and Luc G. Pelletier

et al. ( 2004 ) examined this same phenomenon for professional coaches who do receive a salary and discovered that these coaches also experienced inadequate compensation for their efforts and had few opportunities for salary increases. (b)  Technology : Advances in sport sciences and technology have

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Richard Latzel, Olaf Hoos, Sebastian Stier, Sebastian Kaufmann, Volker Fresz, Dominik Reim and Ralph Beneke

ability to aerobically rephosphorylate high-energy phosphates during short breaks. Acknowledgments None of the authors received funding for this work from any organization, other than salary support for the authors from their respective institutions. The results of the present study do not constitute

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Fabiana Medeiros de Almeida Silva and Aldemir Smith Menezes

.7–33.6) 1283 From 1 to 2 MS 38.9 (37.4–40.4) 1554 Above 2 MS 26.8 (25.4–28.2) 1068 Unknown 2.2 (1.7–2.7) 87 Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval; ES, elementary school; HS, high school; MS, minimum salary. The prevalence of sedentary behavior was 46.7% (95% CI, 45.2–48.2)—42.5% (95% CI, 41.0–44.0) in males

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Martin J. MacInnis, Aaron C.Q. Thomas and Stuart M. Phillips

extend our results to field-based performance measures. Acknowledgments The results of the current study do not constitute endorsement of the product by the authors or the journal. This study and the salary of M.J.M. were funded through a Mitacs Accelerate Postdoctoral Fellowship in partnership with

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Iris Buder, Cathleen Zick, Norman Waitzman, Sara Simonsen, Grant Sunada and Kathleen Digre

incurred by the UWAG wellness program (research administrative costs) versus cost estimates of projected salaries for associated job titles (field-only administrative costs). c Total coach compensation is calculated based on number of hours spent on data collection at baseline and each additional month