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  • Psychology and Behavior in Sport/Exercise x
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Jaqueline P. Batista, Igor M. Mariano, Tállita C.F. Souza, Juliene G. Costa, Jéssica S. Giolo, Nádia C. Cheik, Foued S. Espindola, Sarah Everman and Guilherme M. Puga

before the exercise sessions after 20 min of quiet rest, immediately after the sessions, and every 15 min for 1 hr after the training period. These measurements were performed with the patients in a seated position in a calm and silent environment. For all of the experimental sessions, saliva samples

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Bruno P. Melo, Débora A. Guariglia, Rafael E. Pedro, Dennis A. Bertolini, Solange de Paula Ramos, Sidney B. Peres and Solange M. Franzói de Moraes

by bioelectrical impedance r20 software (InBody ® ). Cytokines, Testosterone, Cortisol, and IgA Assessment Saliva samples were collected under stimulation for 1 minute using Salivettes ® (Sarstedt, Nümbrecht, Germany), before, immediately after, 6 hours, and 24 hours after the experimental session

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Chun-Chih Wang, Brandon Alderman, Chih-Han Wu, Lin Chi, Su-Ru Chen, I-Hua Chu and Yu-Kai Chang

(%) were used as dependent measures. Saliva Sampling and Assay Saliva samples were collected using a commercially available Salivette kit (Sarstedt, Nümbrecht, Germany). There are some advantages to measure cortisol in saliva compared with blood. For instance, this method of assessment is noninvasive

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Laura C. Healy, Nikos Ntoumanis, Jet J.C.S. Veldhuijzen van Zanten and Nicola Paine

This investigation sought to clarify mixed results in the literature exploring coach behaviors, basic psychological needs, goal motivation, and well- and ill-being. Regional-level team sport athletes (N = 241) completed questionnaires on the aforementioned variables at the beginning of the season. A subsample (n = 70) provided saliva samples to assess physical ill-being. At the end of the season, athletes (n = 98) reported their goal motivation and attainment. Structural equation modeling demonstrated that coach behaviors were related to needs satisfaction and thwarting, which were related to autonomous and controlled goal motives respectively. Autonomous motives were related to well- and ill-being; controlled motives were only related to ill-being. Over time, only end-of-season autonomous goal motives were related to goal attainment. The findings provide an insight into how coaches can facilitate optimum goal striving and well-being in their athletes.

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Yoonyoung Hwang, Jonghoon Park and Kiwon Lim

We examined the effects of a Pilates exercise program on the mucosal immune function in older women. The study population comprised 12 older women who were divided into a Pilates group (PG, n = 6) and a control group (CG, n = 6). Saliva samples were obtained from both groups before and after the experimental period for salivary secretory immunoglobulin A level measurement. In addition, acute high-intensity exercises were performed before and after the three-month Pilates exercise program. After three months, salivary flow was significantly higher in the PG than in the CG. After the acute high-intensity exercises were performed following the three-month Pilates exercise program, the salivary flow rate was significantly higher at all time points. The S-IgA secretion rate significantly increased 30 min after acute high-intensity exercise performed following the three-month Pilates exercise program. This study suggests that regular participation in a moderate-intensity Pilates exercise program can increase salivary flow rate and S-IgA secretion in older women.

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Ming Fung Godfrey Lui, Hung Kay Daniel Chow, Wai Ming Kenny Wong and Wai Nam William Tsang

administration ( Slotten & Krekling, 1996 ). Saliva samples were collected from each participant before administering a dose and 1 hr later, and the concentration of melatonin was analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (using an ELISA kit supplied by IBL International, Hamburg, Germany). All of the

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Nicholas D. Gilson, Caitlin Hall, Angela Renton, Norman Ng and William von Hippel

undertake the attention task because of the limited amount of time they had available for this test at the end of a workday. An additional 4 participants were not able to attend the laboratory on at least 1 workday and therefore did not provide EEG data or saliva samples for all 3 conditions. A total of 13

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André L. Estrela, Aline Zaparte, Jeferson D. da Silva, José Cláudio Moreira, James E. Turner and Moisés E. Bauer

controlled recovery period, that may be insufficient for individuals already exhibiting disruptions to all ostasis (e.g., perhaps due to regular very high-volume exercise training). After undertaking anthropometric measurements, a resting blood sample was collected and participants provided a saliva sample

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Gregory Knell, Deborah Salvo, Kerem Shuval, Casey Durand, Harold W. Kohl III and Kelley P. Gabriel

analysis of ‘compliant participants’ to those returning the data collection instrument with valid data. For example, saliva sampling costs approximately $20 each for the data collection instrument (not including postage). The lower cost, and the fact that the data collection instrument cannot be reused for

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Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Lori Dithurbide, Alison Ede, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin and Kathleen Wilson

. In addition, during these 7 days, participants rated their negative affect (e.g., sad, anxious, nervous) on a tablet application four times a day (waking, 11 a.m., 4 p.m., 9 p.m.) and provided a saliva sample (to assess cortisol) at the same times. The results showed that higher negative affect was