Recently, a significant growth in immigrant populations has influenced the social, cultural, and political landscape of many local communities. Understanding such changes in U.S. and local demography are central to effective efforts toward reducing physical inactivity, and associated health risks and diseases. In part to document the ways that physical activity currently fits into particular women’s lives, and as critique of the essentialized notions of immigrant communities as deficient in their health standards, we set out to investigate just how physically active Latinas in local communities were. The research was guided by the following two questions: 1) What are the social conditions under which adolescent Latinas make choices about physical activity? 2) To what extent are adolescent Latinas involved in physical activity? Centering on these two questions we administered questionnaires that measured current physical activity involvement, and individual and family background factors. Survey data indicate that Latina physical activity scores increase when home and work related physical activity is included in a self-report measure.
Katherine M. Jamieson, Kaori Araki, Yong Chul Chung, Sun Yong Kwon, Lisa Riggioni and Victoria Acosta Musalem
Robert F. Potter and Justin Robert Keene
An experiment investigates the impact of fan identification on the cognitive and emotional processing of sports-related news media. Two coaches were featured; one conceptualized as negatively valenced the other positively. Participants completed a fan identification scale before stimuli presentation. While watching the press conferences, heart rate, skin conductance, and corrugator muscle activity were recorded as indices of cognitive resource allocation, emotional arousal, and aversive motivation activation respectively. Self-report measures were collected after each stimulus. Results show that highly identified fans process sports-related news content differently than moderate fans, allocating more cognitive resources and exhibiting greater aversive reactions to the negatively valenced coach. Comparisons between the self-report and psychophysiology data suggest that the latter may be less susceptible to social desirability response bias when emotional reaction to sports messages are concerned.
Masayuki Yoshida, Bob Heere and Brian Gordon
A consumer’s loyalty to a specific sport team is longitudinal in nature. This longitudinal study examines the effects of consumers’ attitudinal constructs (team identification, associated attachment points, consumer satisfaction, and behavioral intentions) on behavioral loyalty in the context of a professional soccer event. To test the proposed relationships, the authors assess the impact of consumers’ self-reported measures (Time 1) on actual attendance frequency in the first half (Time 2) and the second half (Time 3) of the season. The results indicate that fan community attachment is the only construct that can predict attendance frequency over a longer period of time while team identification, satisfaction and behavioral intentions are not significant predictors of attendance frequency throughout the season. The theoretical model and results reinforce the importance of fan community attachment toward longitudinal attendance frequency and add new insights into the predictive validity of some of the attitudinal marketing measures in the field of sport management.
Jenny Meggs, Mark Chen and Danielle Mounfield
exertion during a 30-minute physically demanding cycling task. The MTQ48 has also been found to correlate with pain tolerance (Crust & Clough, 2005). BSRI Gender Role Self-Report Measure The BSRI ( Bem, 1981 ) is a self-report which measures how the respondent fits into gender stereotypes of masculinity
Nicola Brown and Yasmin Bowmer
( Department of Health, 2011 ). In 2016, 59% of women claimed to meet the PA guidelines ( Sport England, 2017 ). However, it is recognized that this statistic is likely to be much lower if objective, non-self-reported measures are considered. Furthermore, research indicates that women are less physically
Gretchen Kerr, Erin Willson and Ashley Stirling
, P.L. , & Riggs , S.A. ( 2017 ). The complex trauma inventory: A self-report measure of posttraumatic stress disorder and complex posttraumatic stress disorder . Journal of Traumatic Stress, 30 ( 6 ), 602 – 613 . PubMed ID: 29160557 doi:10.1002/jts.22231 10.1002/jts.22231 McGannon , K
Kathryn Henne and Madeleine Pape
). Spectacles and scholarship: Caster Semenya, intersex studies, and the problem of race in feminist theory . Signs, 39 ( 3 ), 761 – 785 . doi:10.1086/674301 10.1086/674301 Manuela , S. , & Sibley , C.G. ( 2012 ). The Pacific identity and wellbeing scale (PIWBS): A culturally-appropriate self-report
Christopher R. Hill, Deborah L. Feltz, Stephen Samendinger and Karin A. Pfeiffer
, Pearson, & Bull, 2011 ). Despite this reported validity, concerns related to the accuracy of self-report measures remain, as children and adolescents might be at a higher risk for falsely under- or overreporting their PA behaviors simply due to inexperience in doing so, comprehension of measures, and
Gregory J. Welk
-hPAR estimates of MVPA and sedentary behavior so that they corresponded to outcomes from the Sensewear monitor (criterion). The regression-based models statistically adjusted for over- or underestimation in self-report measures in different segments of the population to produce more refined aggregate
Rebecca E. Hasson
discrepancy in these findings may be related to the types of questions asked in self-report measures. Specifically, these measures may disregard some types of physical activity that are measured with motion detectors, such as walking for transportation, part-time jobs, and housework. Self-report measures also