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Roy J. Shephard

This paper offers a brief response to the article of Bouffard (2001), which in itself was a reaction to two earlier papers published by the present author (Shephard, 1998, 1999). Bouffard makes a vigorous attack on his perceptions of my observations concerning the use of jargon, the primacy of the scientific method, and postmodernism. Unfortunately, his perceptions of my arguments are not always substantiated by a careful reading of the text. Many of the world’s social ills are rashly attributed uniquely to rationalism. No viable alternatives to the scientific method are suggested, and self-criticism of the postmodern approach is less than optimal. Nevertheless, the paper is to be welcomed, both as a challenge to continuing perfection of evidence-based science and as providing an insight into the thinking of those who espouse the postmodernist philosophy.

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Robert Weinberg

that although negative self-talk was related to poorer performance for European Americans, it was related to better performance for East Asians. It has been argued that there are fewer negative consequences of self-criticism for individuals from collectivist cultural backgrounds (e.g., East Asians

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Denise M. Hill, Matthew Cheesbrough, Paul Gorczynski and Nic Matthews

appeared that in each of the four cases, the negative affect was sustained through rumination and self-criticism: “I kept thinking, ‘You prat why did you do that?’ . . . All the things I’ve practiced . . . all the things I’ve been taught, and I couldn’t do it when it mattered.’ I was furious with myself

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Stephen Pack, Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Stacy Winter and Brian Hemmings

.g., “excessive self-criticism” and “temporary setbacks”), and regain a more helpful perspective (or “remoralization” as opposed to demoralization; Frank, 1973 ). In addition to benefitting clients, it also seemed that humor afforded a “lighter” approach for the participants, some of whom described their experiences

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Amber D. Mosewich, Catherine M. Sabiston, Kent C. Kowalski, Patrick Gaudreau and Peter R.E. Crocker

Women athletes encounter many potentially stressful situations in competitive sport, such as body dissatisfaction, injury, bullying, eating disorders, coach conflicts, poor performance and performance plateau, self-criticism, and social comparisons, that are often accompanied by negative self

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Margaret E. Whitehead, Elizabeth J. Durden-Myers and Niek Pot

embodiment as a valuable aspect of self. This has been alluded to in the sociocultural appraisal above and is particularly pertinent in secondary schools. In today’s challenging environment that endlessly presents people with models to emulate and makes criticism and self-criticism all too easy, this growth

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Robin S. Vealey, Eric Martin, Angela Coppola, Rose Marie Ward and Jacob Chamberlin

inflexible, negative, and self-defeating behaviors (e.g., harsh self-criticism, unrealistic standards and expectations). Similarly, perfectionism becomes harmful when individuals feel they are not measuring up to desired standards ( Appleton, Hall, & Hill, 2009 ). A meta-analysis in sport, work, and