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Joonkoo Yun and Dale A. Ulrich

The purpose of this paper was to examine the relationship between perceived and actual physical competence in children with mild mental retardation (MMR). Participants were 54 males and 55 females, M age = 9.47. Pearson correlation indicated no significant relationship between perceived and actual physical competence in children with MMR. When the age factor was partialed out, the resulting partial correlations revealed a significant moderate relationship between the two variables for older children with MMR. A 6 × 2 (Age × Gender) MANOVA revealed a significant interaction between age and gender on perceived physical competence. No gender difference was found in younger children, whereas in older children, males had significantly higher perceived competence than females. A possible explanation for the nonsignificant correlation between perceived and actual physical competence in younger children may be insufficient cognitive functioning for making self-evaluations.

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Sheryl Miller and Mary Fry

( Davis, 2002 ; Strelan & Hargreaves, 2005 ). Body esteem is the self-evaluation of one’s body or appearance and is a global construct associated with self-worth that has been positively associated with interpersonal confidence, appropriate eating and exercise behaviors, and emotional stability

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Joanne Perry, Ashley Hansen, Michael Ross, Taylor Montgomery and Jeremiah Weinstock

mistakes, and experience self-focused attention and/or negative self-evaluation. Secondly, the physical stressor included an abbreviated adaptation of the cold pressor test, which is a method of experimental pain induction during which the individual submerges his or her hand into cold water ( Silverthorn

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Pooja Somasundaram and Alexandra M. Burgess

& Gleaves, 2006 ). The striving dimension represents the setting of extremely high personal standards for oneself, and the evaluative concerns dimension includes concerns about perceived performance pressure from others along with overly harsh negative self-evaluation following mistakes or failure ( Frost

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Thomas D. Raedeke, Victoria Blom and Göran Kenttä

self-evaluation. When these self-critical evaluative processes associated with striving to reach flawless performance standards are inwardly directed, perfectionism is self-oriented. Perfectionism also has interpersonal components, such as in socially prescribed perfectionism, whereby individuals focus

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Jenny H. Conviser, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Riley Nickols

regulation skills, behavioral modification, cognitive restructuring, healthy self-evaluation, and adaptive coping skills. Interventions are most effective when they empower change and best fit the athlete’s self-identified needs and values ( Touyz & Hay, 2015 ) in the context of a well-coordinated, engaged

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J.D. DeFreese and Alan L. Smith

Athlete burnout is a maladaptive psychological syndrome characterized by emotional and physical exhaustion (i.e., emotional/physical fatigue from sport demands), reduced sense of accomplishment (i.e., inefficacy and a tendency for negative sport-based self-evaluation), and sport devaluation (i

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A.P. (Karin) de Bruin and Raôul R.D. Oudejans

, for example, that of sports attire, an issue that was of great impact to all athletes, except the judokas. The tight and revealing sports clothing in cycling, rowing, athletics, gymnastics, and dance heightened the athletes’ body awareness, deepened their negative self-evaluations, and affected

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Sarpreet Kahlon, Kiah Brubacher-Cressman, Erica Caron, Keren Ramonov, Ruth Taubman, Katherine Berg, F. Virginia Wright and Alicia J. Hilderley

program, typically in relation to their goals. This self-evaluation was often associated with spontaneous expressions about increases in self-confidence or closing the ability gap with their peers. Aurora : Because it helped me feel better about myself, and so how much with CP you can really do. . . . It

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Kirsti Van Dornick and Nancy L.I. Spencer

individual reality, reflect upon self-evaluation and feedback provided by others as a commitment to become better, knowing about dignity through research and how it applies to their professional context, and commit to acting and being better. Through the ethic of aspiration and an expanded view of dignity in