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Cameron J. Powden, Matthew C. Hoch and Johanna M. Hoch

characterize the phenomenon known as response shift (RS). 5 , 6 Response shift phenomenon is when an individual’s self-evaluation of a construct is altered due to changes in internal standards of measurement (recalibration), changes in values (reprioritization), or a personal redefinition of the construct

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Joonkoo Yun and Dale A. Ulrich

The purpose of this paper was to examine the relationship between perceived and actual physical competence in children with mild mental retardation (MMR). Participants were 54 males and 55 females, M age = 9.47. Pearson correlation indicated no significant relationship between perceived and actual physical competence in children with MMR. When the age factor was partialed out, the resulting partial correlations revealed a significant moderate relationship between the two variables for older children with MMR. A 6 × 2 (Age × Gender) MANOVA revealed a significant interaction between age and gender on perceived physical competence. No gender difference was found in younger children, whereas in older children, males had significantly higher perceived competence than females. A possible explanation for the nonsignificant correlation between perceived and actual physical competence in younger children may be insufficient cognitive functioning for making self-evaluations.

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Elshan Najafov, Şeyda Özal, Ahmet Yiğit Kaptan, Coşkun Ulucaköy, Ulunay Kanatlı, Baybars Ataoğlu and Selda Başar

100 points) consists of 2 sections rated by a physician and a patient. There are 11 items (pain 1, function 10) in the patient self-evaluation section, and typically these items are used for calculating the reported ASES score. Visual Analog Scale is used for evaluation of the pain and the final pain

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Hayley M. Ericksen, Brian Pietrosimone, Phillip A. Gribble and Abbey C. Thomas

integral part of many injury prevention programs. Participants are often asked to self-evaluate their jump-landing mechanics; however, if participants are unable to accurately identify their own biomechanical errors, it may be more difficult for participants to make changes to their landing biomechanics

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Sarah Daniels, Gabriela Santiago, Jennifer Cuchna and Bonnie Van Lunen

; clinically significant abnormal neurologic Hx or examination at screening; back spasms related to major trauma or work-related injury; other severe pain that may have confounded assessment or self-evaluation of the trapezius myalgia. A total of 25 participants with Achilles [n = 5, age = 61.6 (8.0) y] or

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J.D. DeFreese, Michael J. Baum, Julianne D. Schmidt, Benjamin M. Goerger, Nikki Barczak, Kevin M. Guskiewicz and Jason P. Mihalik

depression: the role of self-evaluation . Behav Res Ther . 2007 ; 45 ( 4 ): 737 – 747 . PubMed ID: 16905116 doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2006.06.008 16905116 23. Conley CS , Travers LV , Bryant FB . Promoting psychosocial adjustment and stress management in first-year college students: the benefits of

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Christianne M. Eason, Stephanie M. Singe and Kelsey Rynkiewicz

caregivers or men as breadwinners). 13 Guilt is an interpersonal or self-evaluative emotion originating from a personal feeling, either real or imagined, in which some norm or standard (e.g., societal, moral, ethical, etc.) has been violated. 14 Guilt stems from an individual’s belief that a specific

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André Bateman and Kai A.D. Morgan

athletes. This did not support the assertions that recognize self-efficacy as a self-evaluative cognitive process that is likely to influence PTSD development. 22 The combination of present injury status and perception of general self-efficacy also did not significantly influence a PTSD response, although

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Sheryl Miller and Mary Fry

( Davis, 2002 ; Strelan & Hargreaves, 2005 ). Body esteem is the self-evaluation of one’s body or appearance and is a global construct associated with self-worth that has been positively associated with interpersonal confidence, appropriate eating and exercise behaviors, and emotional stability

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Joanne Perry, Ashley Hansen, Michael Ross, Taylor Montgomery and Jeremiah Weinstock

mistakes, and experience self-focused attention and/or negative self-evaluation. Secondly, the physical stressor included an abbreviated adaptation of the cold pressor test, which is a method of experimental pain induction during which the individual submerges his or her hand into cold water ( Silverthorn