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Chanel T. LoJacono, Ryan P. MacPherson, Nikita A. Kuznetsov, Louisa D. Raisbeck, Scott E. Ross and Christopher K. Rhea

Obstacle crossing, such as stepping over a curb, becomes more challenging with natural aging and could lead to obstacle-related trips and falls. To reduce fall-risk, obstacle training programs using physical obstacles have been developed, but come with space and human resource constraints. These barriers could be removed by using a virtual obstacle crossing training program, but only if the learned gait characteristics transfer to a real environment. We examined whether virtual environment obstacle crossing behavior is transferred to crossing real environment obstacles. Forty participants (n = 20 younger adults and n = 20 older adults) completed two sessions of virtual environment obstacle crossing, which was preceded and followed by one session of real environment obstacle crossing. Participants learned to cross the virtual obstacle more safely and that change in behavior was transferred to the real environment via increased foot clearance and alterations in foot placement before and after the real environment obstacle. Further, while both age groups showed transfer to the real environment task, they differed on the limb in which their transfer effects applied. This suggests it is plausible to use virtual reality training to enhance gait characteristics in the context of obstacle avoidance, potentially leading to a novel way to reduce fall-risk.

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Fernando Santos, Leisha Strachan, Daniel Gould, Paulo Pereira and Cláudia Machado

appropriately about PLSD and life-skills transfer with both youth athletes and more-experienced athletes: “We try to read each situation. If a player needs to work on personal and social skills I will speak with him and try to provide guidance so he can improve” (TC8). PLSD Strategies Focused on More

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Lea-Cathrin Dohme, David Piggott, Susan Backhouse and Gareth Morgan

. International Journal of Sport Medicine, 8, 415 – 416 . Bean , C. , Kendellen , K. , & Forneris , T. ( 2016 ). Moving beyond the gym: Exploring life skill transfer within a female physical activity-based life skills program . Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 28, 274 – 290 . doi:10

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Stefanie Hüttermann, Paul R. Ford, A. Mark Williams, Matyas Varga and Nicholas J. Smeeton

). Orlando, FL : Academic Press . Smeeton , N.J. , Ward , P. , & Williams , A.M. ( 2004 ). Do pattern recognition skills transfer across sports? A preliminary analysis . Journal of Sports Sciences, 22 ( 2 ) , 205 – 213 . PubMed ID: 14998098 doi:10.1080/02640410310001641494 10

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environments; (3) social relationships; (4) individualized instruction; (5) addressing the needs of youth with limited skills; (6) specific coaching techniques such as debriefing; (7) feedback and praise; and (8) booster sessions (i.e., clinics) to foster skill transfer. So what now? Here we will share ways in

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Stéphanie Turgeon, Kelsey Kendellen, Sara Kramers, Scott Rathwell and Martin Camiré

teaching life skills, creating an optimal sport climate, building relationships, and promoting life-skills transfer were found to be key strategies for facilitating student-athletes’ development of life skills in high school sport. Given that many high school sport coaches are, by profession, full

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Florence Lebrun, Áine MacNamara, Dave Collins and Sheelagh Rodgers

explicitly and solely enable athletes to self-address such issues, increased knowledge about MHIs and mental skills may promote skills transfer by increasing athletes’ understanding on how skills learned in a sporting context can be transformed and applied to respond to the demands encountered in other

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Dawn Anderson-Butcher

. , & Camiré , M. ( 2017 ). Definition and model of life skills transfer . International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 10 , 186 – 211 . doi:10.1080/1750984X.2016.1199727 10.1080/1750984X.2016.1199727 Pozo , P. , Grao-Cruces , A. , & Pérez-Ordás , R. ( 2018 ). Teaching personal and

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Maureen R. Weiss

physical activity-based youth development programs: Validation of the Life Skills Transfer Survey (LSTS) . Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 85 , 263 – 278 . PubMed ID: 25141078. doi:10.1080/02701367.2014.931558 10.1080/02701367.2014.931558 Weiss , M.R. , Bolter , N.D. , & Kipp , L