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Fabrice Dosseville, Sylvain Laborde and Markus Raab

We studied the influence of contextual factors and the referees’ own motor experience on the quality of their perceptual judgments. The theoretical framework combined the social cognition approach with the embodied cognition, and enabled us to determine whether judgments were biased or not by using a combination of contextual and internal factors. Sixty fully-qualified and aspiring judo referees were tested in a video-based decision-making task in which they had to decide when to stop the ground contact phase. The decision task differed depending on whether one contestant dominated the other or whether they were equal in the prior phase. Results indicated that the referees’ motor experience influenced perceptual judgments and interacted with contextual factors, enhancing the need for a combination of social and embodied cognition to explain biases in referees’ judgments. Practical considerations were discussed in this paper, such as, whether referees need recent motor experience and how this could influence rules of governing bodies for officiating.

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Lawrence R. Brawley and Kathleen A. Martin

Over the past three decades, an interface has developed between sport and social psychology, characterized primarily by commonly utilized concepts and theories. The list of social psychological benefits to sport psychology is lengthy and includes theory, hypotheses, research paradigms, general independent and dependent variables, methods, and measures. In this paper, the following areas of sport research are used to illustrate the interface between sport and social psychology: (a) social facilitation and cohesion as two social influence phenomena, (b) anxiety and goal orientations as personality moderators of social behavior, and (c) self-efficacy beliefs and attitudes as social cognitions relevant to motivated behavior. Each of these areas are discussed in terms of social psychology’s impact on its development as a line of research in sport and in terms of the recent contributions each has made in return to social psychology. The general nature of the interface of social and sport psychology is also discussed.

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Xiaofen D. Keating, Jingwen Liu, Xiaolu Liu, Jeff Colburn, Jianmin Guan and Ke Zhou

, A.H. , & Chaiken , S. ( 2007 ). The advantages of an inclusive definition of attitude . Social Cognition, 25 ( 5 ), 582 – 602 . doi: 10.1521/soco.2007.25.5.582 Fan , Y. , Keating , X.D. , Liu , J. , Zhou , K. , Shangguan , R. , & Knipe , R. ( 2018 ). Development of a scale

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Shani Pitcho-Prelorentzos and Michal Mahat-Shamir

.1103/PhysRevD.72.084013 Janoff-Bulman , R. ( 1989 ). Assumptive worlds and the stress of traumatic events: Applications of the schema construct . Social Cognition, 7 ( 2 ), 113 – 136 . doi:10.1521/soco.1989.7.2.113 10.1521/soco.1989.7.2.113 Janoff-Bulman , R. ( 1992 ). Shattered assumptions: Towards a

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Christoph Szedlak, Matthew J. Smith, Bettina Callary and Melissa C. Day

physical activity vignettes on physical activity-related social cognitions among people with spinal cord injury . Disability & Rehabilitation, 35 ( 24 ), 2073 – 2080 . PubMed ID: 23763469 doi:10.3109/09638288.2013.800916 10.3109/09638288.2013.800916 Frank , A.W. ( 2010 ). Letting stories breathe

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Daniel M. Smith and Sarah E. Martiny

.1080/00224545.2013.821098 Levy , B. ( 1996 ). Improving memory in old age through implicit self-stereotyping . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71 ( 6 ), 1092 – 1107 . PubMed ID: 8979380 doi:10.1037/0022-3514.71.6.1092 10.1037/0022-3514.71.6.1092 Macrae , C.N. , & Bodenhausen , G.V. ( 2000 ). Social

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Justin A. Haegele, Chunxiao Li and Wesley J. Wilson

inclusive definition of attitude . Social Cognition, 25, 582 – 602 . doi: 10.1521/soco.2007.25.5.582 Frank , J.L. , Jennings , P.A. , & Greenberg , M.T. ( 2016 ). Validation of the mindfulness in teaching scale . Mindfulness, 7 ( 1 ), 155 – 163 . doi: 10.1007/s12671-015-0461-0 Haegele , J

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Samantha J.D. Jeske, Lawrence R. Brawley and Kelly P. Arbour-Nicitopoulos

-centered virtual format shows the potential for facilitating social bonding and positive social cognitions. A previous systematic review highlights the importance of promoting social interactions in technology-assisted behavior-change interventions that aim to manage chronic illnesses ( Rosser, Vowels, Keogh

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Chunxiao Li, Ngai Kiu Wong, Raymond K.W. Sum and Chung Wah Yu

an inclusive definition of attitude . Social Cognition, 25 , 582 – 602 . doi:10.1521/soco.2007.25.5.582 10.1521/soco.2007.25.5.582 Ghorbani , N. , Watson , P.J. , Geranmayepour , S. , & Chen , Z. ( 2014 ). Muslim experiential religiousness: Relationships with attitude toward Islam

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T. Nicole Kirk and Justin A. Haegele

relationship to PA among individuals who were ambulatory. Interview themes suggest that barriers to PA for the ambulatory group may have had an impact on attitudes toward PA. Stapleton et al. ( 2014 ) Men reported higher PBC variables (perceived controllability and barrier self-efficacy) than did women. Social