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Lauren A. Gardner, Christopher A. Magee and Stewart A. Vella

. Correlates of youth sport attrition: a review and future directions . Psychol Sport Exerc. 2014 ; 15 : 429 – 439 . doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.04.003 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.04.003 4. Vella SA , Cliff DP , Magee CA , Okely AD . Sports participation and parent-reported health

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Nancy P. Barnett, Frank L. Smoll and Ronald E. Smith

A field experiment was conducted to examine the impact of the Coach Effectiveness Training program on athlete attrition. Eight Little League Baseball coaches attended a preseason sport psychology workshop designed to facilitate desirable coach-athlete interactions. A no-treatment control group consisted of 10 coaches. Children who played for both groups of coaches were interviewed before and after the season and were contacted again the following year. At the end of the initial season, children in the experimental group evaluated their coaches, teammates, and the sport of baseball more positively than children who played for the control-group coaches. Player attrition was assessed at the beginning of the next baseball season, with control-group youngsters withdrawing at a significantly higher rate (26%) than those in the experimental group (5% dropout rate). There was no difference in mean team won-lost percentages between dropouts and returning players, which indicates that the attrition was not due to lack of team success.

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Shelby Waldron, J.D. DeFreese, Brian Pietrosimone, Johna Register-Mihalik and Nikki Barczak

Sport specialization has been linked to multiple negative health related outcomes including increased injury risk and sport attrition, yet a gap remains in our understanding of potential psychological outcomes of early specialization (≤ age 12). The current study evaluated the associations between retrospective athlete reports of sport specialization and both retroactive and current psychological health outcomes. Early specializers reported significantly higher levels of multiple maladaptive psychological outcomes (e.g., global athlete burnout, emotional and physical exhaustion, sport devaluation, amotivation). Overall, findings suggest that specialization environment factors, in addition to the age of specialization, are potentially critical factors in determining health and well-being outcomes. Findings support prominent position statements suggesting early specialization may be associated with increased health risks. Study findings may also inform the development of guidelines and recommendations to aid parents, coaches, and athletes in positively impacting athlete psychosocial outcomes.

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Amanda J. Visek, Sara M. Achrati, Heather M. Mannix, Karen McDonnell, Brandonn S. Harris and Loretta DiPietro


Children cite “fun” as the primary reason for participation in organized sport and its absence as the number-one reason for youth sport attrition. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop a theoretical framework of fun using a novel mixed-method assessment of participants in sport (FUN MAPS) via concept mapping.


Youth soccer players (n = 142), coaches (n = 37), and parents (n = 57) were stratified by age, sex, and competition level and contributed their ideas through (a) qualitative brainstorming, identifying all of the things that make playing sports fun for players; (b) sorting of ideas; and (c) rating each idea on its importance, frequency, and feasibility.


The FUN MAPS identify the 4 fundamental tenets of fun in youth sport within 11 fun-dimensions composed of 81 specific fun-determinants, while also establishing the youth sport ethos.


The FUN MAPS provide pictorial evidence-based blueprints for the fun integration theory (FIT), which is a multitheoretical, multidimensional, and stakeholder derived framework that can be used to maximize fun for children and adolescents to promote and sustain an active and healthy lifestyle through sport.

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6 6 2 2 Applied Research Effects of Enhancing Coach-Athlete Relationships on Youth Sport Attrition Nancy P. Barnett * Frank L. Smoll * Ronald E. Smith * 6 1992 6 6 2 2 111 111 127 127 10.1123/tsp.6.2.111 Professional Practice Exercise and Existence: Exercise Behavior from an Existential

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Alex Murata

this phenomenon is the underlying cause contributing to youth-sport professionalization and, consequently, premature sport attrition in many young athletes. To support this claim, Erdal turns to the literature focusing on children’s organized sport and takes the reader on a journey exploring what

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Tiffanye M. Vargas, Robbi Beyer and Margaret M. Flores

the team, the sporting experience, and the coach, is often lowered. For individuals with HD, who already may have lowered self-esteem and lower participation rates due to poorer performance in gross motor skills ( Harvey & Reid, 1997 ), this could lead to higher rates of youth sport attrition. However

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E. Whitney G. Moore and Karen Weiller-Abels

). Effects of enhancing coach-athlete relationships on youth sport attrition . The Sport Psychologist, 6, 111 – 127 . doi: 10.1123/tsp.6.2.111 Beck , N. , Petrie , T.A. , Harmison , B. , & Moore , E.W.G. ( 2017 ). Parent, coach, and peer created motivational climates: relationships to goal

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Gretchen Kerr, Anthony Battaglia and Ashley Stirling

. Retrieved from Barnett , N.P. , Smoll , F.L. , & Smith , R.E. ( 1992 ). Effects of enhancing coach–athlete relationships on youth sport attrition . The Sport Psychologist, 6 , 111 – 127

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Stewart A. Vella

ID: 30475137 doi:10.1123/jpah.2018-0472 10.1123/jpah.2018-0472 Balish , S.M. , McLaren , C. , Rainhaim , D. , & Blanchard , C. ( 2014 ). Correlates of youth sport attrition: A review and future directions . Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15 , 429 – 439 . doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2014