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Nancy P. Barnett, Frank L. Smoll and Ronald E. Smith

A field experiment was conducted to examine the impact of the Coach Effectiveness Training program on athlete attrition. Eight Little League Baseball coaches attended a preseason sport psychology workshop designed to facilitate desirable coach-athlete interactions. A no-treatment control group consisted of 10 coaches. Children who played for both groups of coaches were interviewed before and after the season and were contacted again the following year. At the end of the initial season, children in the experimental group evaluated their coaches, teammates, and the sport of baseball more positively than children who played for the control-group coaches. Player attrition was assessed at the beginning of the next baseball season, with control-group youngsters withdrawing at a significantly higher rate (26%) than those in the experimental group (5% dropout rate). There was no difference in mean team won-lost percentages between dropouts and returning players, which indicates that the attrition was not due to lack of team success.

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6 6 2 2 Applied Research Effects of Enhancing Coach-Athlete Relationships on Youth Sport Attrition Nancy P. Barnett * Frank L. Smoll * Ronald E. Smith * 6 1992 6 6 2 2 111 111 127 127 10.1123/tsp.6.2.111 Professional Practice Exercise and Existence: Exercise Behavior from an Existential

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Alex Murata

this phenomenon is the underlying cause contributing to youth-sport professionalization and, consequently, premature sport attrition in many young athletes. To support this claim, Erdal turns to the literature focusing on children’s organized sport and takes the reader on a journey exploring what

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Tiffanye M. Vargas, Robbi Beyer and Margaret M. Flores

the team, the sporting experience, and the coach, is often lowered. For individuals with HD, who already may have lowered self-esteem and lower participation rates due to poorer performance in gross motor skills ( Harvey & Reid, 1997 ), this could lead to higher rates of youth sport attrition. However

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Bradley Fawver, Garrett F. Beatty, John T. Roman and Kevin Kurtz

.L. , & Smith , R.E. ( 1992 ). Effects of enhancing coach-athlete relationships on youth sport attrition . The Sport Psychologist, 6, 111 – 127 . doi:10.1123/tsp.6.2.111 10.1123/tsp.6.2.111 Bass , B.M. , & Riggio , R.E. ( 2006 ). Transformational leadership . Mahwah, NJ : Lawrence Erlbaum

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Bård Erlend Solstad, Andreas Ivarsson, Ellen Merethe Haug and Yngvar Ommundsen

create either an autonomy-supportive or a task-involving motivational climate, and this line of research has proven to be conducive in relation to young athletes’ psychosocial outcomes (e.g., self-esteem, anxiety, and sport attrition). However, researchers must not forget the countless volunteer coaches