, the study and application of servant leadership in a sport environment is deserving of greater attention. Table 1 A Summary of How Servant Leadership Is Taught in Sport Management Textbooks Source Authors Leadership Contents How Servant Leadership Is Addressed Applied Sport Management Skills (2nd ed
G. Matthew Robinson, Mitchell J. Neubert and Glenn Miller
Elizabeth A. Taylor, Allison B. Smith, Cheryl R. Rode and Robin Hardin
relay the advice that is something the female students will just have to tolerate if they want to work in a sport environment. The impact this could have on male students is that there are never any consequences for incidents of incivility or sexual harassment and they may take that attitude in the
George B. Cunningham
In this paper, from the Dr. Earle F. Zeigler Award Lecture presented in Austin, Texas, the author proposes that all persons have an obligation to ensure sport is inclusive and socially just. Works from a variety of disciplines, including religion, sociology, and social psychology, support the thesis. The author calls for collective action among sport management academicians, coalesced around teaching, research, and service to promote change. The final sections address potential counter narratives and provide an overview of the outcomes associated with an inclusive and socially just sport environment.
Jon Welty Peachey, George B. Cunningham, Alexis Lyras, Adam Cohen and Jennifer Bruening
The purpose of this research project was to examine the impact of participating in a sport-for-peace event and one’s social dominance orientation on prejudice and change agent self-efficacy. In Study 1, participants (n = 136) completed questionnaires both before and following their participation in a sport-for-peace event. The event was designed to ensure both high levels of and quality intergroup contact, with interactions confirmed through a manipulation check. Results from the doubly repeated measures analysis of variance indicate a significant decrease in prejudice and a significant increase in change agent self-efficacy. Social dominance orientation did not influence the nature of these changes. In Study 2, the authors conducted focus group interviews with 27 participants to better understand how the event impacted prejudice and change agent self-efficacy. Results indicate that the team-based sport environment and social opportunities were instrumental in prejudice reduction while the educational platform was important for increasing change agent self-efficacy.
E. Nicole Melton and George B. Cunningham
Sport employees who champion LGBT inclusion efforts represent key elements in creating accepting environments within college athletic departments. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to examine the concept of champions and how they support LGBT individuals within heterosexist sport environments. Drawing from divergent literatures, including that related to organizational inclusion and championing behaviors, we explore how a combination of factors from multiple levels may influence sport employees’ attitude and behaviors related to LGBT inclusion, and determine how supportive behaviors influence sexual minorities working within a college athletic department. Results indicate that various macro- (i.e., culture of sport, athletic boosters, university and community values, exposure to diverse cultures) meso- (organizational culture, presence of other champions), and micro- (demographics, open-mindedness, experiences with sexual minorities) level factors influenced the level of employee support for LGBT inclusive policies. Furthermore, power meaningfully influenced these dynamics, such that employees who did not resemble prototypically sport employees (i.e., White, heterosexual, male) were hesitant to show support for LGBT equality. However, those who did champion LGBT inclusive initiatives successfully modeled supportive behaviors and positive attitudes toward LGBT individuals, vocally opposed discriminatory treatment, and provided sexual minorities with a safe space within sport. The authors discuss implications and future directions.
John J. Miller
information regarding the legal trends and statutory immunity provisions of using automatic external defibrillators in the sport setting. The final issues discussed in this chapter are highly pertinent to today’s sport environment: heat-related deaths and concussions. Specifically, the authors provide
an overview of sport-governing bodies and the professional and global sport environments. The topic of sport governance is covered again in Chapter 10, which explores governance practices at global sport organizations. Section 2 is what makes this book unique: Chapter 6 provides a great insight on
, loyalty programs, and ancillary sources such as concessions, parking, and merchandising. The author also motivates the reader to think creatively and innovatively through the use of representative examples and case studies pertaining to the use of a facility or event outside the sport environment and in
Jonathan Robertson, Ryan Storr, Andrew Bakos and Danny O’Brien
and sexuality within sport participation and administration ( Denison & Kitchen, 2015 ). As part of a broader study, Denison and Kitchen ( 2015 ) surveyed 385 lesbians regarding their experiences in sport environments in Australia; they identified that 48% of lesbians had been personally targeted
Thilo Kunkel, Rui Biscaia, Akiko Arai and Kwame Agyemang
the target athletes. For example, the study could not exclude confounding variables, such as likability. Considering that fans tend to react to brands in the sport environment in different ways ( Biscaia et al., 2017 ), additional research could compare the current model across specific athletes to