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Susan Y. Kwiecien, Malachy P. McHugh, Stuart Goodall, Kirsty M. Hicks, Angus M. Hunter, and Glyn Howatson

, 2017. 4. Nadler SF , Prybicien M , Malanga GA , Sicher D . Complications from therapeutic modalities: results of a national survey of athletic trainers . Arch Phys Med Rehabil . 2003 ; 84 : 849 – 853 . PubMed ID: 12808537 doi:10.1016/S0003-9993(02)04955-9 10.1016/S0003

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Robert W. Morton, Sara Y. Oikawa, Stuart M. Phillips, Michaela C. Devries, and Cameron J. Mitchell


Self–myofascial release (SMR) is a common exercise and therapeutic modality shown to induce acute improvements in joint range of motion (ROM) and recovery; however, no long-term studies have been conducted. Static stretching (SS) is the most common method used to increase joint ROM and decrease muscle stiffness. It was hypothesized that SMR paired with SS (SMR+SS) compared with SS alone over a 4-wk intervention would yield greater improvement in knee-extension ROM and hamstring stiffness.


19 men (22 ± 3 y) with bilateral reduced hamstring ROM had each of their legs randomly assigned to either an SMR+SS or an SS-only group. The intervention consisted of 4 repetitions of SS each for 45 s or the identical amount of SS preceded by 4 repetitions of SMR each for 60 s and was performed on the respective leg twice daily for 4 wk. Passive ROM, hamstring stiffness, rate of torque development (RTD), and maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) were assessed pre- and postintervention.


Passive ROM (P < .001), RTD, and MVC (P < .05) all increased after the intervention. Hamstring stiffness toward end-ROM was reduced postintervention (P = .02). There were no differences between the intervention groups for any variable.


The addition of SMR to SS did not enhance the efficacy of SS alone. SS increases joint ROM through a combination of decreased muscle stiffness and increased stretch tolerance.

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Chung-Chan Hsieh, Kazunori Nosaka, Tai-Ying Chou, Sheng-Tsung Hsu, and Trevor C. Chen

-minute LIST performed over 6 consecutive days, although the therapy required 60 minute every day for 10 days. It appears that the FIR lamp therapy is more effective than the therapeutic modalities that are often used after soccer matches such as CWI and electrical stimulation. Thus, to enhance recovery

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Lindsay Eales and Donna L. Goodwin

who had previously been unresponsive to traditional therapeutic modalities. Outside of the yoga context, there is some emerging literature on trauma-informed sport, physical activity, and physical education that can inform APA ( Massey & Williams, 2020 ; for e.g., see Ammann & Matuska, 2014 ; D

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Sindhu Shanker and Balaram Pradhan

mind ( Galantino et al., 2008 ; Hagen & Nayar,2014 ; Telles et al., 2013 ). The fundamental principle underlying yoga as a therapeutic modality is an effective balance of the autonomic nervous system, which offers psychophysiological benefits to an improved quality of life in an individual ( Stephens

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Leah S. Goudy, Brandon Rhett Rigby, Lisa Silliman-French, and Kevin A. Becker

used as a therapeutic modality to improve aspects of health in older adults who are otherwise healthy ( de Araújo, Silva, Costa, Pereira, & Safons, 2011 ) and in adults with disabilities that affect the neuromuscular system, such as multiple sclerosis ( Silkwood-Sherer & Warmbier, 2007 ) and cerebral

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Karlee Naumann, Jocelyn Kernot, Gaynor Parfitt, Bethany Gower, and Kade Davison

( 3 ), 335 – 343 . Wardle , J. ( 2013 ). Hydrotherapy: A forgotten Australian therapeutic modality . Australian Journal of Herbal Medicine, 25 ( 1 ), 12 – 17 . Wilson , R.D. , Lewis , S.A. , & Murray , P.K. ( 2009 ). Trends in the