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Stephanie M. Miller, Sonja Kukuljan, Anne I. Turner, Paige van der Pligt and Gaele Ducher

Purpose:

Prevention of the female athlete triad is essential to protect female athletes’ health. The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of regularly exercising adult women in Australia toward eating patterns, menstrual cycles, and bone health.

Methods:

A total of 191 female exercisers, age 18–40 yr, engaging in ≥2 hr/wk of strenuous activity, completed a survey. After 11 surveys were excluded (due to incomplete answers), the 180 participants were categorized into lean-build sports (n = 82; running/athletics, triathlon, swimming, cycling, dancing, rowing), non-lean-build sports (n = 94; basketball, netball, soccer, hockey, volleyball, tennis, trampoline, squash, Australian football), or gym/fitness activities (n = 4).

Results:

Mean (± SD) training volume was 9.0 ± 5.5 hr/wk, with participants competing from local up to international level. Only 10% of respondents could name the 3 components of the female athlete triad. Regardless of reported history of stress fracture, 45% of the respondents did not think that amenorrhea (absence of menses for ≥3 months) could affect bone health, and 22% of those involved in lean-build sports would do nothing if experiencing amenorrhea (vs. 3.2% in non-lean-build sports, p = .005). Lean-build sports, history of amenorrhea, and history of stress fracture were all significantly associated with not taking action in the presence of amenorrhea (all p < .005).

Conclusions:

Few active Australian women are aware of the detrimental effects of menstrual dysfunction on bone health. Education programs are needed to prevent the female athlete triad and ensure that appropriate actions are taken by athletes when experiencing amenorrhea.

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Elizabeth J. Durden-Myers, Nigel R. Green and Margaret E. Whitehead

folk dancing, synchronized swimming, diving, and trampolining. Note . Adapted from Physical literacy: Throughout the lifecourse (pp. 182–183), by E. Murdoch and M.E. Whitehead, 2010, London, UK: Routledge. Foundation movement patterns: These patterns comprise those aspects of physical competence

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Ryan M. Chambers, Tim J. Gabbett and Michael H. Cole

Sports Physiol Perform . 2017 ; 12 ( 9 ): 1212 – 1217 . PubMed ID: 28182523 doi:10.1123/ijspp.2016-0683 28182523 10.1123/ijspp.2016-0683 30. Helten T , Brock H , Müller M , Seidel H . Classification of trampoline jumps using inertial sensors . Sports Eng . 2011 ; 14 ( 2–4 ): 155 – 164

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Martin C. Waller, Deborah A. Kerr, Martyn J. Binnie, Emily Eaton, Clare Wood, Terreen Stenvers, Daniel F. Gucciardi, Carmel Goodman and Kagan J. Ducker

)  Winter sports 1 (1) 1 (100) 0 (0)  Weightlifting 1 (1) 1 (100) 0 (0)  Triathlon 1 (1) 1 (100) 0 (0)  Trampoline 1 (1) 1 (100) 0 (0)  Cycling—BMX 1 (1) 1 (100) 0 (0)  Boxing 1 (1) 1 (100) 0 (0) Sport category, n (%)  Team 52 (55) 46 (89) 6 (11)  Individual 42 (45) 36 (86) 6 (14) Questionnaire Athletes

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Courtney W. Hess, Stacy L. Gnacinski and Barbara B. Meyer

a combination of jump-training modalities: bungee-assisted trampoline, water ramping into aerated pools, and aerials sites on snow. Aerial-skiing athletes are at high risk of injury, with recent reports indicating injury rates as high as 55 per 100 athletes across the previous 10 World Cup seasons

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Dean J. Kriellaars, John Cairney, Marco A.C. Bortoleto, Tia K.M. Kiez, Dean Dudley and Patrice Aubertin

Juggling balls and scarves, rola bola, stilts, unicycle, trampoline, and flower sticks Flower sticks, trapeze, juggling balls and scarves, unicycle, rola bola, rope climbing, hoops, wire, German wheel, and stilts Rola bola, diabolo, flower sticks, juggling balls and scarves, wire, stilts, and unicycle

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Kyle Paquette and Pierre Trudel

last three Olympic Games—Sochi 2014 (curling), Rio 2016 (men’s volleyball and trampoline) and PyeongChang 2018—as well as at the most recent Paralympic Winter Games (wheelchair curling). Pierre Trudel is with the School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada. Pierre Trudel is an

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Kyle Paquette and Pierre Trudel

Member of the Canadian Sport Psychology Association. He has supported Canadian athletes at the last two Olympic Games—Sochi 2014 (curling) and Rio 2016 (men’s volleyball and trampoline). Pierre Trudel is an emeritus professor in the School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Canada. His research

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Catherine P. Abel-Berei, Grace Goc Karp, Marcis Fennell, Elisa Drake and Simon Olsen

.e., fact cards, food cards, bean bags); Apple TVs (Apple Inc.); applications used for attendance; management and organization of students; weight training equipment; and equipment for specific PE units (i.e., trampolines, Drums Alive ® [Drums Alive, Honolulu, HI], golf). Participants reported that the equipment

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Shaunna M. Burke, Jennifer Brunet, Amanda Wurz, Christina Butler and Andrea Utley

-time activities (e.g., play). Oliver (Interview #1) commented that “It [treatment] makes my muscles not as strong… . It’s harder to go on the trampoline. I can’t jump as high now… . I used to jump higher than the fence now I can only jump half of the fence.” Similarly, Matthew (Interview #1) highlighted: “My