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Michelle Seanor, Robert J. Schinke, Natalia B. Stambulova, Kristoffer Henriksen, Dave Ross and Cole Giffin

. older athletes). Researchers have been prompted by these nuanced findings to employ case studies in sports including sailing, track and field, kayaking ( Henriksen & Stambulova, 2017 ), soccer ( Larsen, Alfermann, Henriksen, & Christensen, 2013 ), and trampoline ( Seanor, Schinke, Stambulova, Ross

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Katrina M. Moss, Annette J. Dobson, Kimberley L. Edwards, Kylie D. Hesketh, Yung-Ting Chang and Gita D. Mishra

/racquets/golf clubs, climbing equipment/trees, scooter/bicycle/tricycle, skateboard/ripstik, skipping rope, swimming pool, trampoline, and slide/swing. Mothers also reported the presence of 4 types of electronic play equipment in the child’s bedroom (television, computer/electronic games, mobile electronic device

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Niina Lintu, Kai Savonen, Anna Viitasalo, Tuomo Tompuri, Jussi Paananen, Mika P. Tarvainen and Timo Lakka


There are few studies on determinants of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) among girls and boys separately in population samples of children.


We therefore investigated the determinants of CRF, assessed by maximal workload per height using allometric scaling, in a population sample of 162 girls and 177 boys aged 6 to 8 years. We used automated bootstrap feature selection and linear regression models.


The strongest determinants of CRF among girls were maximal heart rate (HR; standardized regression coefficient [β] = 0.31, P < .001), unsupervised physical activity (β = 0.29, P < .001), lean body mass (β = 0.23, P = .001), and errors in static balance test (β = –0.16, P = .02), accounting altogether for 25.7% of variation in CRF. In boys, unsupervised physical activity (β = 0.24, P < .001), resting HR (β = –0.25, P < .001), hand grip strength (β = 0.21, P = .001), errors in static balance test (β = –0.16, P = .01), organized football (β = 0.16, P = .01), and unsupervised trampoline jumping (β = 0.14, P = .04) were the strongest determinants of CRF, accounting altogether for 29.7% of variation in CRF.


These findings suggest that unsupervised physical activity is sufficient in improving CRF in both sexes. Furthermore, larger muscle mass and better balance are associated with higher CRF that has to be taken into account when assessing CRF using maximal cycle ergometer exercise test among children.

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Babett H. Lobinger, Martin K. Klämpfl and Eckart Altenmüller

Paradoxical performance can be described simply as a sudden decrease in a top athlete’s performance despite the athlete’s having striven for superior performance, such as the lost-skill syndrome in trampolining or “the yips” in golf. There is a growing amount of research on these phenomena, which resemble movement disorders. What appears to be missing, however, is a clear phenomenology of the affected movement characteristics leading to a classification of the underlying cause. This understanding may enable specific diagnostic methods and appropriate interventions. We first review the different phenomena, providing an overview of their characteristics and their occurrence in sports and describing the affected sports and movements. We then analyze explanations for the yips, the most prominent phenomenon, and review the methodological approaches for diagnosing and treating it. Finally, we present and elaborate an action theoretical approach for diagnosing paradoxical performance and applying appropriate interventions.

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Berit Steenbock, Marvin N. Wright, Norman Wirsik and Mirko Brandes

.1, 21.7) Kitchen 1 5.0 Layback 1 8.2 RMR measurement (laying) 41 2.3 ± 0.5 (1.4, 3.4) Rocking car 1 5.4 Rocking horse 1 4.9 Playing soccer 3 10.9 ± 5.0 (5.9, 15.8) Swinging 7 8.0 ± 3.2 (5.3, 12.7) Playing tennis 2 10.9 ± 4.2 (7.9, 13.8) Trampoline 1 10.8 Tricycle 24 13.4 ± 3.8 (5.5, 21.9) Regular

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Courtney W. Hess, Stacy L. Gnacinski and Barbara B. Meyer

a combination of jump-training modalities: bungee-assisted trampoline, water ramping into aerated pools, and aerials sites on snow. Aerial-skiing athletes are at high risk of injury, with recent reports indicating injury rates as high as 55 per 100 athletes across the previous 10 World Cup seasons

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Christoph Buck, Anca Bolbos and Sven Schneider

pyramids and climbing towers, trampolines, ropes and balancing devices). The other 11 facilities included 7 football fields, 2 basketball courts, and 2 skate parks. There was also a large difference between social areas with regard to the qualitative playground indicators (Table  1 ); whereas some

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Judith Jiménez-Díaz, Karla Chaves-Castro and Walter Salazar

, Odom SL , Sideris JH , Moskowitz AL . Young athletes program: impact on motor development . Adapt Phys Act Q . 2013 ; 30 ( 3 ): 235 – 253 . *37. Giagazoglou P , Kokaridas D , Sidiropoulou M , Patsiaouras A , Karra C , Neofotistou K . Effects of a trampoline exercise

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Jenessa Banwell, Gretchen Kerr and Ashley Stirling

, quidditch, ringette, rowing, rugby, (freestyle/cross country/alpine) skiing, skydiving, soccer, softball (fastpitch), speedskating, synchronized swimming, tennis, track and field, trampoline, triathlon, (beach/indoor) volleyball, wrestling Findings are presented across three main themes: 1) Characteristics

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Ole Winthereik Mathorne, Kristoffer Henriksen and Natalia Stambulova

in Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2, 23 – 29 . doi:10.1123/cssep.2017-0014 10.1123/cssep.2017-0014 Seanor , M. , Schinke , R.J. , Stambulova , N.B. , Henriksen , K. , Ross , D. , & Giffin , C. ( 2019 ). Catch the feeling of flying: Guided walks through a trampoline Olympic