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Tiago V. Barreira, Stephanie T. Broyles, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Estelle V. Lambert, Carol A. Maher, José A. Maia, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L. Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Mark S. Tremblay, Peter T. Katzmarzyk and for the ISCOLE Research Group

The theory of epidemiologic transition, which characterizes long-term trends and patterns in morbidity and mortality associated with stages of human development, 1 has been applied to understand the emergence of obesity in low- to middle-income countries. 2 , 3 Human development is commonly

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Peter T. Katzmarzyk and Caitlin Mason

Physical activity is important for the prevention of chronic disease morbidity and mortality, and the lack of adequate levels of physical activity represents a growing public health burden around the world. The purpose of this report is to introduce the concept of the “Physical Activity Transition” and to explore the potential effects that declining physical activity levels may play on health and life expectancy as countries undergo economic and demographic changes. Physical activity is related to mortality rates in humans, and the available evidence suggests that the adoption of a lifestyle characterized by lower levels of physical activity will attenuate the expected gains in life expectancy associated with the epidemiological transition. Advances in the measurement of physical activity at work, in the home, for transport, and in leisure time in a wide variety of populations will be integral to advancing the current understanding of how macro-level factors shape physical activity patterns and patterns of morbidity and mortality.

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Roy David Samuel

individual experiences and consultancy process conducted with 4 referees who transitioned to the Israeli Premier League within the past 3 years. At the time of consultancy, I had 11 years of consultancy experience supporting elite athletes in various sport disciplines, as well as ample experience with soccer

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Sophie Knights, Emma Sherry, Mandy Ruddock-Hudson and Paul O’Halloran

Transition out of professional sport into retirement has been a topic of considerable research in recent years ( Alfermann, Stambulova, & Zemaityte, 2004 ; Torregrosa, Ramis, Pallarés, Azócar, & Selva, 2015 ). It is a given that throughout our lives we transition from one phase or stage to the

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Joshua Twaites, Richard Everson, Joss Langford and Melvyn Hillsdon

, Galvez, Damas, Pomares, & Rojas, 2014 ). Longer windows are efficient for data processing and if the window covers a single behavior, long windows help to accurately identify it. However, longer windows have an increased probability of containing a behavior transition, leading to a loss of temporal

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Fleur E.C.A. van Rens and Edson Filho

, 2018 ). Career transitions to contemporary circus are thus common amongst athletes, and gymnasts in particular. However, little is known about the lived experiences of circus artists, as few systematic studies have considered this performance domain ( Ross & Shapiro, 2017 ). Given that practitioners in

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Paul R. Hibbing, Samuel R. LaMunion, Haileab Hilafu and Scott E. Crouter

timing of transitions between bouts). However, previous work has not established a standardized way of performing such assessments. In many cases ( Ellingson et al., 2016 ; Hibbing et al., 2018 ; Kozina et al., 2011 ; Lyden et al., 2014 ; Noor, Salcic, & Wang, 2017 ; Nyan, Tay, Seah, & Sitoh, 2006

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Brian Goff, Dennis P. Wilson, W. Currie Martin and Brandon Spurlock

Our study examines the impact of the transition from NCAA Football Championship Series (FCS) participation to Football Bowl Series (FBS) participation on demand for university football. The primary empirical analysis uses 23 schools that transitioned to the FBS between 1987 and 2013 to examine attendance effects. We first examine the change as a type of event study and estimate the impact in a short run “transition window” of the 5 years leading up to and after the transition. We then estimate the long run impact of membership on annual attendance over a period extending from 5 years before transition through 2013 for all transition schools. Finally, we estimate impact on an alternative sample that includes a control group of top performing FCS schools that have not transitioned to FBS. The results derived from these panel regressions indicate a substantial positive impact on per game attendance over the transition period and for many years beyond the transition. (JEL codes: L83, L29.)

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Jaclyn P. Maher and David E. Conroy

sedentary behavior. Furthermore, little evidence exists regarding relations between sit-to-stand transitions and other movement-related behaviors such as physical activity and sedentary time among older adults. Within-person changes to physical activity or sedentary behavior patterns can occur via

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Dana A. Sinclair and Terry Orlick

The purpose of this study was to explore the transition experiences of high-performance athletes. More specifically, this study investigated reasons for retirement from sport, individual coping strategies, support networks used by transitional athletes, and other variables that may have impacted on the athlete’s adjustment process. Retired high-performance athletes (N = 199) with international competitive experience completed the Athlete Retirement Questionnaire, a 34-item instrument developed for this study. Analysis showed that those athletes who adjusted smoothly tended to retire after they achieved their sport related goals or because they had achieved their goals in sport. In addition, athletes who had a more difficult transition tended to feel incompetent outside of sport and to also feel that keeping busy was not an effective coping strategy. Practical implications are presented.