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Gabrielle Ringenberg, Jill M. Maples and Rachel A. Tinius

-Rhyming cycle ergometer protocol, YMCA cycle protocol, and Modified Bruce treadmill protocol—rely heavily on heart rate responses to exercise to predict fitness ( Pescatello et al., 2014 ). Because it is well-established that obese women have altered heart rate responses to exercise ( Ciolac & Greve, 2011 ), it

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Scott W. Ducharme and Richard E.A. van Emmerik

clear consensus has not been agreed upon. Finally, treadmill versus overground walking may produce differences in scaling exponents, as treadmill walking generally reduces the scaling exponent ( Terrier & Deriaz, 2011 ). In addition to preferred speed walking conditions, long-range correlations in young

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Jules Boykoff

writing, securing larger reading audiences. But the work takes energy and is like a part-time job on top of a full-time job. Edward Said himself said I an interview that his public intellectual work was “extremely draining” and that he struggled to keep up with the treadmill of news while figuring out

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jay johnson and Adam Ehsan Ali

growth. Moreover, the environmental destruction left in the wake of industry cannot be undone by technological solutions and innovation, nor addressed in isolation ( Dobson, 2007 ). Similarly, Schnaiberg (as cited in Wilson, 2012 ) poses his metaphor of the “treadmill of production” in response to an EM

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Matt C. Crockett and Ted Butryn

outdoors as a way to harden the body against cold, wind, and other natural elements. The health club, Spielvogel argued, allowed members to appear as if they had trained in a natural environment, when in fact all they did was run on a treadmill and lay on a tanning bed. Similarly, the CrossFit space

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Osamu Hata and Norio Umezawa

This study examined the rates and patterns of use of the various facilities, equipment, and programs in a Yokohama fitness club. Analyses of the responses of 208 members (males = 98, females = 110) to a specially constructed questionnaire showed that the showers, sauna, bath, and Jacuzzi were the most often used facilities followed by aerobic exercise machines (e.g., exercise bikes and treadmills), the swimming pool, and machines for training the lower and upper body. In addition, four distinct and representative patterns of use of the facilities and equipment were identified. Swimming activities dominated Pattern A, and accordingly it was named the Swimming Pattern (n=59). Pattern B, the Dance and Communication Pattern (n = 15), was characterized by the use of the communication hall and coffee lounge and participation in aerobic dance. Pattern C, the Fashionable Pattern (n = 4), consisted of participation in aerobic dance for men, 1-km swimming, and the use of the tanning corner and restaurant. Finally, Pattern D, the Machine Training Pattern (n = 130), included the use of weights to train the upper and lower body. These results revealed an inefficient use of some of the facilities and equipment of the club. In addition to these findings, respondents preferred their supervisors to be friendly and expressed a desire for a larger swimming pool.

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David I. Anderson

 al., used functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to examine activity of the primary motor cortex as 6- and 12-month-old infants performed two tasks: a reaching task and stepping while supported on a treadmill ( Nishiyori, Bisconti, Meehan, & Ulrich, 2016 ). The overarching finding was that infants

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Leah E. Robinson

used an integrated framework to visually describe how motor skills develop along with the lifelong changes and constraints on these movement behaviors. The monograph of the infant treadmill-stepping study by Thelen and Ulrich ( 1991 ) challenged the current theories of child development. That study

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Ryota Nishiyori and Beverly D. Ulrich

simple and ensure we were able to collect reliable data in the context we designed for infants. The tasks we worked with (reaching while seated in an infant seat and stepping on a motorized treadmill with support, Figure  1 ) and infant ages (6 and 12 months) were chosen to allow examination of

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Jeeyoon Kim and Jeffrey D. James

the composition of SWB is the “hedonic treadmill model” ( Brickman & Campbell, 1971 ). Based on the model, one’s psychological state is a composite of baseline and temporal fluctuation of SWB. Baseline is a stable level of SWB that is set based on dispositions; temporal fluctuation occurs around the