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Gabrielle Ringenberg, Jill M. Maples and Rachel A. Tinius

-Rhyming cycle ergometer protocol, YMCA cycle protocol, and Modified Bruce treadmill protocol—rely heavily on heart rate responses to exercise to predict fitness ( Pescatello et al., 2014 ). Because it is well-established that obese women have altered heart rate responses to exercise ( Ciolac & Greve, 2011 ), it

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Scott W. Ducharme and Richard E.A. van Emmerik

clear consensus has not been agreed upon. Finally, treadmill versus overground walking may produce differences in scaling exponents, as treadmill walking generally reduces the scaling exponent ( Terrier & Deriaz, 2011 ). In addition to preferred speed walking conditions, long-range correlations in young

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Osamu Hata and Norio Umezawa

This study examined the rates and patterns of use of the various facilities, equipment, and programs in a Yokohama fitness club. Analyses of the responses of 208 members (males = 98, females = 110) to a specially constructed questionnaire showed that the showers, sauna, bath, and Jacuzzi were the most often used facilities followed by aerobic exercise machines (e.g., exercise bikes and treadmills), the swimming pool, and machines for training the lower and upper body. In addition, four distinct and representative patterns of use of the facilities and equipment were identified. Swimming activities dominated Pattern A, and accordingly it was named the Swimming Pattern (n=59). Pattern B, the Dance and Communication Pattern (n = 15), was characterized by the use of the communication hall and coffee lounge and participation in aerobic dance. Pattern C, the Fashionable Pattern (n = 4), consisted of participation in aerobic dance for men, 1-km swimming, and the use of the tanning corner and restaurant. Finally, Pattern D, the Machine Training Pattern (n = 130), included the use of weights to train the upper and lower body. These results revealed an inefficient use of some of the facilities and equipment of the club. In addition to these findings, respondents preferred their supervisors to be friendly and expressed a desire for a larger swimming pool.

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David I. Anderson

 al., used functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to examine activity of the primary motor cortex as 6- and 12-month-old infants performed two tasks: a reaching task and stepping while supported on a treadmill ( Nishiyori, Bisconti, Meehan, & Ulrich, 2016 ). The overarching finding was that infants

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Leah E. Robinson

used an integrated framework to visually describe how motor skills develop along with the lifelong changes and constraints on these movement behaviors. The monograph of the infant treadmill-stepping study by Thelen and Ulrich ( 1991 ) challenged the current theories of child development. That study

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Ryota Nishiyori and Beverly D. Ulrich

simple and ensure we were able to collect reliable data in the context we designed for infants. The tasks we worked with (reaching while seated in an infant seat and stepping on a motorized treadmill with support, Figure  1 ) and infant ages (6 and 12 months) were chosen to allow examination of

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Jeeyoon Kim and Jeffrey D. James

the composition of SWB is the “hedonic treadmill model” ( Brickman & Campbell, 1971 ). Based on the model, one’s psychological state is a composite of baseline and temporal fluctuation of SWB. Baseline is a stable level of SWB that is set based on dispositions; temporal fluctuation occurs around the

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David R. Bassett, Patty S. Freedson and Dinesh John

. For example, step counts between several brands of consumer activity trackers are similar both for treadmill walking at fixed speeds ( Fokkema, Kooiman, Krijnen, Van Der Schans, & De Groot, 2017 ; Kooiman et al., 2015 ) and under free-living conditions ( Kooiman et al., 2015 ; Rosenberger, Buman

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Carolee Winstein

. PubMed 10.1212/WNL.0b013e3181ab2b27 Duncan , P.W. , Sullivan , K.J. , Behrman , A.L. , Azen , S.P. , Wu , S.S. , Nadeau , S.E. , … Hayden , S.K. ( 2011 ). Body-weight-supported treadmill rehabilitation after stroke . The New England Journal of Medicine, 364 ( 21 ), 2026 – 2036 . PubMed

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Catrine Tudor-Locke and Elroy J. Aguiar

cadence thresholds corresponding to an absolutely defined moderate and vigorous intensity (metabolic equivalents of task; METs). Since then, a number of studies have further examined this relationship in different populations and under different conditions (e.g., treadmill vs. overground, direct