, including high uncertainty and risk of a fatal outcome, a review of the coverage revealed that 86.2% of articles published in the United Kingdom had a neutral tone. Articles relied on scientific information rather than personal stories and sensationalized information ( Hilton & Hunt, 2011 ). Parasocial
Amanda Kastrinos, Rachel Damiani and Debbie Treise
Daniel J. Larson and Joel Maxcy
The world governing body for cycling proscribed the use of two-way radio communication in road cycling races, with the ban set to become fully effective in 2012. The ban was instituted because radio use was perceived to have altered the cycling competitions by making outcomes more predictable and of less interest to sport’s consumers. This empirical analysis of the policy rationale considers the uncertainty of outcome hypothesis (UOH) as it applies to professional cycling races and creates a novel measure, the likelihood of breakaway success (LBS). The LBS is analyzed in 1436 bicycle races between 1985–2010 to examine potential changes in outcomes associated with the use of two-way radio technology by competitors and team directors. The data suggests that radio technology has had a significant association with event outcome types. The relevance of the findings to intraorganizational communication, management, and hierarchies of sports teams are also discussed.
Gary Robinson and Mark Freeston
A growing body of research has provided evidence for intolerance of uncertainty (IU)—a dispositional characteristic resulting from negative beliefs about uncertainty and its implications—as a possible transdiagnostic maintaining factor across a range of anxiety disorders. No studies have yet examined IU in performance anxiety in sport. The purpose of the present investigation, therefore, was to investigate the relationship between IU and performance anxiety in sport. Participants included 160 university athletes (51% female) who completed measures of IU, performance anxiety, and robustness of sport confidence. Regression analyses revealed that the inhibitory dimension of IU and robustness of sport confidence were significant predictors of performance anxiety. A simple mediation model was also tested and suggested indirect and direct effects of inhibitory IU on performance anxiety symptoms through robustness of sport confidence. Implications of these findings for researchers and practitioners and directions for future research are discussed.
Chun-Hao Wang and Kuo-Cheng Tu
“backswing” from the forehand position was adopted for left and right spatial cues. According to discussions with one national team coach and some top-level badminton players, the backswing involves a higher level of directional uncertainty due to the fact that a professional player usually modifies the
Hojun Sung, Brian M. Mills and Michael Mondello
television demand for the same set of games has been limited, particularly as it relates to Rottenberg’s seminal Uncertainty of Outcome Hypothesis (UOH). Specifically, Rottenberg ( 1956 ) posits that sports fans favor games with greater unpredictability, ultimately implying that preferences for sporting
Steven Salaga, Scott Tainsky and Michael Mondello
benefitting from the combination of the legally restricted American market and the robust offshore market. We establish that uncertainty in point spread outcomes as well as the local market team’s performance against the spread are economically relevant drivers of local market viewership. We then examine
Gwendolyn M. Weatherford, Betty A. Block and Fredrick L. Wagner
the continued pursuit of opportunity and equality. Complexity Barnett ( 2000 ) defined complexity as the state of the world when it is “assailed” by increasing amounts of “facts, data, evidence, tasks, and arguments” (p. 257) and is characterized by “uncertainty, unpredictability, challenge ability
Kacey C. Neely, John G.H. Dunn, Tara-Leigh F. McHugh and Nicholas L. Holt
The overall purpose of this study was to examine coaches’ views on deselecting athletes from competitive female adolescent sport teams. Individual semistructured interviews were conducted with 22 head coaches of Canadian provincial level soccer, basketball, volleyball, and ice hockey teams. Interpretive description methodology (Thorne, 2008) was used. Results revealed deselection was a process that involved four phases: pre-tryout meeting, evaluation and decision-making, communication of deselection, and post deselection reflections. Within the evaluation and decision-making phase coaches made programmed and nonprogrammed decisions under conditions of certainty and uncertainty. When faced with uncertainty coaches relied on intuition.
Leilani A. Madrigal, Vincenzo Roma, Todd Caze, Arthur Maerlender and Debra Hope
, brief fear of negative evaluation, intolerance of uncertainty, and negative affect) and unrelated constructs (i.e., positive affect, self-confidence). Method Participants Participants were randomly assigned to one of two groups for factor analytic studies: an exploratory factor analysis group ( n = 271
Justine J. Reel, Leslie Podlog, Lindsey Hamilton, Lindsey Greviskes, Dana K. Voelker and Cara Gray
deleterious physical effects of injury on dancers’ bodies, uncertainties about one’s dance future, and impression management concerns. In terms of the physical effects of injury, dancers reiterated anxieties about weight gain, muscle loss, and diminished dance-specific fitness. Lizzie commented, “With this