, including high uncertainty and risk of a fatal outcome, a review of the coverage revealed that 86.2% of articles published in the United Kingdom had a neutral tone. Articles relied on scientific information rather than personal stories and sensationalized information ( Hilton & Hunt, 2011 ). Parasocial
Amanda Kastrinos, Rachel Damiani and Debbie Treise
Daniel J. Larson and Joel Maxcy
The world governing body for cycling proscribed the use of two-way radio communication in road cycling races, with the ban set to become fully effective in 2012. The ban was instituted because radio use was perceived to have altered the cycling competitions by making outcomes more predictable and of less interest to sport’s consumers. This empirical analysis of the policy rationale considers the uncertainty of outcome hypothesis (UOH) as it applies to professional cycling races and creates a novel measure, the likelihood of breakaway success (LBS). The LBS is analyzed in 1436 bicycle races between 1985–2010 to examine potential changes in outcomes associated with the use of two-way radio technology by competitors and team directors. The data suggests that radio technology has had a significant association with event outcome types. The relevance of the findings to intraorganizational communication, management, and hierarchies of sports teams are also discussed.
This article addresses clinical practice in sport medicine. Combining notions of medical uncertainty with a figurational sociological emphasis on interdependence, the article illustrates how uncertainty characterizes the medical understanding, clinical treatment, and patient experience of concussion. Faced with uncertainty, the clinician’s desire for recognition and validation through athletes’ dependence on them enables medically based diagnostic and treatment guidelines to be replaced by the understanding and definition of concussion dominant in the sport subculture. Clinicians further invoke strategies that protect their professional status and therefore secure their interdependence with others in the sport club figuration. The study advances our understanding by illuminating the basis on which clinicians and athletes negotiate treatment and the impact of these experiences on clinicians’ actions and beliefs.
Marc Lavoie and Wilbert M. Leonard II
The stacking of blacks in noncentral positions is a time-consistent feature of professional baseball. It is shown that differential batting and slugging averages between positions are also a structural feature. The structure of stacking as well as its evolution are well explained by the uncertainty thesis, that is, the belief that discrimination and differential barriers to entry are linked to the difficulty and lack of objectivity in assessing player performance at a given position. However, because the uncertainty thesis fails to predict the expected performance differentials between black and white players, auxiliary hypotheses have to be entertained. It is concluded that a combination of the uncertainty thesis and the well-known centrality hypothesis may best explain what occurs in baseball.
Mary Louise Adams, Michelle T. Helstein, Kyoung-yim Kim, Mary G. McDonald, Judy Davidson, Katherine M. Jamieson, Samantha King and Geneviéve Rail
This collection of commentaries emerged from ongoing conversations among the contributors about our varied understandings of and desires for the sport studies field. One of our initial concerns was with the absence/presence of feminist thought within sport studies. Despite a rich history of feminist scholarship in sport studies, we have questioned the extent to which feminism is currently being engaged or acknowledged as having shaped the field. Our concerns crystallized during the spirited feminist responses to a fiery roundtable debate on Physical Cultural Studies (PCS) at the annual conference of the North American Society for the Sociology of Sport (NASSS) in New Orleans in November 2012. At that session, one audience member after another spoke to what they saw as the unacknowledged appropriation by PCS proponents of longstanding feminist—and feminist cultural studies—approaches to scholarship and writing. These critiques focused not just on the intellectual moves that PCS scholars claim to be making but on how they are made, with several audience members and some panelists expressing their concerns about the territorializing effects of some strains of PCS discourse.
Hojun Sung, Brian M. Mills and Michael Mondello
television demand for the same set of games has been limited, particularly as it relates to Rottenberg’s seminal Uncertainty of Outcome Hypothesis (UOH). Specifically, Rottenberg ( 1956 ) posits that sports fans favor games with greater unpredictability, ultimately implying that preferences for sporting
Gwendolyn M. Weatherford, Betty A. Block and Fredrick L. Wagner
the continued pursuit of opportunity and equality. Complexity Barnett ( 2000 ) defined complexity as the state of the world when it is “assailed” by increasing amounts of “facts, data, evidence, tasks, and arguments” (p. 257) and is characterized by “uncertainty, unpredictability, challenge ability
Laura A. Gale, Ben A. Ives, Paul A. Potrac and Lee J. Nelson
. Want My Trust? Encapsulate My Interests The participants described the workplace as an arena that was characterized by competition and uncertainty as much as it was by collaboration and shared goals ( Jones & Wallace, 2005 ). Specifically, they explained how their experiences of work were not immune
In this autoethnography, I highlight the relationship between risk and responsibility in my gender project as I first take up, and then walk away from, BASE jumping. To address these issues, I write into a space of uncertainty, exploring the productive potential of polyvocality and writing as a method of inquiry.
Steven Salaga, Scott Tainsky and Michael Mondello
benefitting from the combination of the legally restricted American market and the robust offshore market. We establish that uncertainty in point spread outcomes as well as the local market team’s performance against the spread are economically relevant drivers of local market viewership. We then examine