-efficacy is military service members ( Jeffress & Brown, 2017 ). Sport participation can be utilized to help this population reintegrate into society following combat, especially among those who have sustained injuries. However, wounded veterans may not respond positively to a physical activity program if
Paul E. Yeatts, Ronald Davis, Jun Oh and Gwang-Yon Hwang
Celina H. Shirazipour, Madelaine Meehan and Amy E. Latimer-Cheung
The Invictus Games are a parasport competition for service members and veterans with illnesses and injuries. The 2014 Games were aired by the BBC, for a total of 12 hr of coverage. This study aimed to investigate what messages were conveyed regarding parasport for veterans during the BBC’s Invictus Games broadcast. A content analysis was conducted. Five qualitative themes were identified: sport as rehabilitation, the promotion of ability over disability, the social environment, key outcomes of participation, and the importance of competition. Quantitative results indicated that 2 segment types accounted for the majority of the broadcast: sport coverage (50.57%) and athlete experiences (12.56%). Around half of the coverage focused on participants with a physical disability (51.62%). The findings demonstrate key similarities to and differences from previous explorations of parasport media coverage, with the needs of the event and athlete population potentially influencing the broadcast.
Ulla M. Lahtinen
The present aspirations for equality, normalization, and integration have given rise to increased demand for further development of sport for special groups. This is dependent upon an understanding of the existing sporting behavior. This article describes several Finnish studies of the sporting behavior of persons on disability pension, war veterans, those chronically ill or disabled, the mentally handicapped, and the visually impaired. Sporting behavior depends on one’s free time, interests, earlier practices, age, gender, and state of health. Poor health or a disability limits sporting activity, but it may also lead to more rehabilitative sport and exercise. The findings of the studies reveal features that need to be developed in sport for special groups.
Frank M. Brasile
The data used for statistical analysis in this investigation were based on results from 79 males tested at the National Wheelchair Basketball Association/Paralyzed Veterans of America wheelchair basketball camp held at Wright State University in August 1989. Results acquired from a multivariate analysis of variance indicated significant differences in scores across NWBA player classification levels. Post hoc comparisons indicated that Class II and Class III participants were similar and that Class I participants recorded lower overall skills proficiency scores. A stepwise forward regression analysis was conducted to determine the influence of predictor variables on skill proficiency levels. Results indicate that one’s level of disability may influence performance; however, amount of time spent in practice, previous experience in the sport, and age also influence one’s overall performance in wheelchair basketball.
Kelly P. Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Celina Shirazipour and Krystn Orr
education specialists, peer tutors, and teacher aides. Chapter 38 examines the growing evidence regarding an increasingly prominent population within the realm of disability sport and exercise: military service members and veterans with physical and mental illnesses and injuries. A key benefit of this
Mário A.M. Simim, Marco Túlio de Mello, Bruno V.C. Silva, Dayane F. Rodrigues, João Paulo P. Rosa, Bruno Pena Couto and Andressa da Silva
). Quantification of activity during wheelchair basketball and rugby at the National Veterans wheelchair games: A pilot study . Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 33 ( 3 ), 210 – 217 . PubMed doi:10.1080/03093640903051816 10.1080/03093640903051816 Sweet , T.W. , Foster , C. , McGuigan , M
Joseph Peters, Ian Rice and Tyson Bull
stresses occurring at the seat interface compared with generic foam cushions. WBB players should also utilize configurations with greater backrest heights and seat dump angles, as both factors reduced pressure magnitude. Acknowledgments This study was supported by the Paralyzed Veterans of
Samuel Lins, Cynthia F. Melo, Sara G. Alves and Rúben L. Silva
Social Behaviour, 47 ( 3 ), 306 – 331 . doi:10.1111/jtsb.12124 10.1111/jtsb.12124 Lundberg , N. , Bennett , J. , & Smith , S. ( 2011 ). Outcomes of adaptive sports and recreation participation among veterans returning from combat with acquired disability . Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 45
Annemarie M.H. de Witte, Monique A.M. Berger, Marco J.M. Hoozemans, Dirkjan H.E.J. Veeger and Lucas H.V. van der Woude
. , & Hedrick , B. ( 1994 ). Comprehensive basketball grading system . In B. Hedrick , D. Byrnes , & L. Shaver (Eds.), Wheelchair basketball (p. 79 ). Washington, DC : Paralyzed Veterans of America . Cavedon , V. , Zancanaro , C. , & Milanese , C. ( 2015 ). Physique and performance of young
Pierre Lepage, Gordon A. Bloom and William R. Falcão
’ current knowledge. The impact of staff members on coaches’ learning is consistent with previous research from Tawse et al. ( 2012 ), who provided evidence of the impact staff members had on the learning of wheelchair rugby coaches. These staff members were usually former or veteran athletes functioning as