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Laura D. DiPasquale and Trent A. Petrie

Eating disorder prevalence rates among athletes vary greatly because of the different ways in which researchers have measured and classified them, and the extent to which they are higher than those found among nonathletes remains unresolved. The present study examined prevalence of eating disorders, body image issues, and weight control behaviors using a valid diagnostic measure. Participants included 146 male and 156 female NCAA Division I student-athletes and a matched sample of 170 male and 353 female collegiate nonathletes. Overall, eating disorder prevalence rates and use of pathogenic weight control behaviors were lower among nonathletes than athletes. Rates for athletes in the current study were lower than previous studies. These findings are likely due to the lack of anonymity the athletes had when completing questionnaires, as data were collected through athletes’ preseason physicals, whereas nonathletes completed questionnaires anonymously over the Internet. Recommendations for athletic departments’ screening for eating disorders are made.

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Shelby J. Martin and Timothy Anderson

has been reported as high as 32% ( Sundgot‐Borgen & Torstveit, 2010 ), and up to 80% of athletes report engagement in at least one maladaptive weight/shape-control behavior ( Sundgot-Borgen, 1993 ). Across studies, disordered eating and weight-control behaviors have been found at significantly higher

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Jenny H. Conviser, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Riley Nickols

, J.M. , & Petrie , T.A. ( 2013 ). Prevalence of disordered eating and pathogenic weight control behaviors among male collegiate athletes . Eating Disorders, 21 , 328 – 341 . 23767673 doi:10.1080/10640266.2013.797822 10.1080/10640266.2013.797822 Coker-Cranney , A. , & Reel , J.J. ( 2015

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Dana K. Voelker and Justine J. Reel

gymnastics and figure skating through an exposé of athletes pressured to do whatever was necessary to succeed on a world stage, such as training and competing through significant injuries and engaging in unhealthy, and sometimes fatal, weight control behaviors. Through these stories, Ryan acknowledged she

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Dana K. Voelker and Justine J. Reel

.10.002 Chatterton , J.M. , & Petrie , T.A. ( 2013 ). Prevalence of disordered eating and pathogenic weight control behaviors among male collegiate athletes . Eating Disorders, 21 , 328 – 341 . PubMed ID: 23767673 doi:10.1080/10640266.2013.797822 10.1080/10640266.2013.797822 Creswell , J.W. ( 2014

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Sheryl Miller and Mary Fry

dieting and weight control behaviors, weight pressuring from peers and coaches, and perfectionism. These disordered eating behaviors are correlated with BE dissatisfaction ( Garner, 2002 ), and can be detrimental for athletes to experience. Similarly, González-Cutre and Sicilia ( 2012 ) found exercise

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Laura K. Fewell, Riley Nickols, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Cheri A. Levinson

.1002/erv.1112 De Bruin , A.P.K. , Woertman , L. , Bakker , F.C. , & Oudejans , R.R. ( 2009 ). Weight-related sport motives and girls’ body image, weight control behaviors, and self-esteem . Sex Roles, 60 ( 9–10 ), 628 – 641 . doi:10.1007/s11199-008-9562-8 10.1007/s11199-008-9562-8 DiBartolo