Researchers have argued that coaches are performers in their own right and that their psychological needs should be considered (Giges, Petitpas, & Vernacchia, 2004; Gould, Greenleaf, Guinan, & Chung, 2002). The purpose of this research was to examine high performance women coaches’ perceptions of their sport organizations’ social context, with specific attention to psychological need support. Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985; Ryan & Deci, 2002) was employed to frame the examination of the coaches’ experiences. Eight high performance women coaches from two sport organizations participated in semistructured interviews. All reported autonomy and competence development opportunities. Organizational relatedness was critical to the experience of a supportive environment. The findings provide insight into the “world of coaching” from the coaches’ perspective.
Justine B. Allen and Sally Shaw
The purpose of this article is to review the challenges that women coaches must overcome and to discuss coach education strategies for facilitating the development of women coaches. Changes in representation of women in positions of leadership in sport have created a social context in which the experience of female coaches is referenced from a predominantly male perspective. As such, recurring issues elicited by attendees at the USOC/NCAA sponsored Women in Coaching Conferences are discussed. Coach education strategies are addressed in three main areas: (a) the continuation of women and sport programs, (b) restructuring the work environment to recognize and value relational work skills, and (c) relational mentoring models to navigate career and life transitions and advocate for change.
Tammy Sheehy, Sam Zizzi, Kristen Dieffenbach and Lee-Ann Sharp
in professional-development and educational structures for coaches may be particularly pertinent to extending the opportunity for collaboration between the fields of coaching and sport psychology. References Allen , J.B. , & Shaw , S. ( 2009 ). Women coaches’ perceptions of their sport
Matt Hoffmann, Todd Loughead and Jeffrey Caron
.05.003 Markus , H. , & Wurf , E. ( 1987 ). The dynamic self-concept: A social psychological perspective . Annual Review of Psychology, 38 , 299 – 337 . doi:10.1146/annurev.ps.38.020187.001503 10.1146/annurev.ps.38.020187.001503 Marshall , D. ( 2001 ). Mentoring as a developmental tool for women