Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 366 items for :

  • "young adults" x
  • Athletic Training, Therapy, and Rehabilitation x
  • All content x
Clear All
Restricted access

Teri A. Todd, Keely Ahrold, Danielle N. Jarvis, and Melissa A. Mache

evidence describing motor skill impairments among children with ASD ( Berkeley et al., 2001 ; Green et al., 2002 ; Ketcheson, Hauck, & Ulrich, 2018 ; Staples & Reid, 2010 ), little is known about the performance of individual motor skills among young adults with ASD. Investigating the performance of

Restricted access

Anat V. Lubetzky, Daphna Harel, Helene Darmanin, and Ken Perlin

 al., 2000 ). “Sensory reweighting” was demonstrated by a decreased entrainment to a visual stimulus ( Hwang et al., 2014 ) when healthy young adults were presented with an increased amplitude of that stimulus. Peterka ( 2002 ) found that, unlike healthy adults, patients with bilateral vestibular loss did

Restricted access

James Hackney, Jade McFarland, David Smith, and Clinton Wallis

extremity reaching task in 250 repetitions. Emken and Reinkensmeyer ( 2005 ) found that for walking under novel inertial conditions, healthy, young adults could recover their previous walking kinematic leg patterns in 7.3 ± 2.1 steps. However, we were able to find little published research describing how

Restricted access

Jonathan S. Goodwin, Robert A. Creighton, Brian G. Pietrosimone, Jeffery T. Spang, and J. Troy Blackburn

effective in younger individuals who more commonly experience traumatic cartilage injuries as a consequence of greater physical activity exposure and sport participation. Gait biomechanics in healthy, young adults are likely a better representation of individuals who sustain traumatic cartilage injuries but

Restricted access

Jacqueline Phillips, Kelly Cheever, Jamie McKeon, and Ryan Tierney

of nose) for testing could influence NPC scores in a healthy, physically active, young adult population. Methods Participants Twenty subjects, who signed consent forms approved by the institutional review board of Temple University, were recruited to participate in the study (males = 13, females = 7

Restricted access

Danielle L. Gyemi, Charles Kahelin, Nicole C. George, and David M. Andrews

segmenting DXA scans using custom regions of interest is a reliable method for estimating tissue masses of the upper and lower extremities in young adults 12 ; good within-analyst reliability has also been established for the tissue masses of the core body segments. 13 However, the feasibility of

Restricted access

Nicholas D. Parr, Chris J. Hass, and Mark D. Tillman

Cellular phone texting has become increasingly popular, raising the risk of distraction-related injuries. The purpose of this study was to compare alterations in gait parameters during normal gait as opposed to walking while texting. Thirty able-bodied young adults (age = 20 ± 2 y, height = 171 ± 40 cm, mass = 61.7 ± 11.2 kg) who reported texting on a regular basis were tested using an 11-camera optical motion capture system as they walked across an 8 m, obstacle-free floor. A reduction in velocity (P < .05) was seen along with additional significant changes in spatial and temporal parameters. Specifically, step width and double stance time increased, while toe clearance, step length, and cadence decreased. Although many of the changes in spatial and temporal parameters generally accompany slowed gait, the complex distraction task used here may have amplified these potentially deleterious effects. The combination of the slower gait velocity and decrease in attention to the surrounding environment suggests that an individual who is texting while walking could be at a greater risk of injury. Tripping injuries while texting could be more likely due to the decreased toe clearance. In addition, increased step width may increase the likelihood of stepping on an unstable surface or colliding with obstacles in close proximity.

Restricted access

Cédrick T. Bonnet

in healthy young adults to test the functionality of the VOR. Indeed, we could only identify studies testing the VOR in patients (mainly with vestibular problems), older adults, and healthy children. In these studies, the participants performed a quiet stance task and a test in a rotational chair

Restricted access

Nicholas S. Ryan, Paul A. Bruno, and John M. Barden

healthy young adults. It is anticipated that this information will help researchers and clinicians better understand and interpret their findings when measuring stride time variability outcomes in older adults and individuals with specific clinical diagnoses (eg, neurodegenerative conditions). Methods

Restricted access

Tishya A. L. Wren and Jack R. Engsberg

The traditional method for normalizing quantitative strength data is to divide force or torque by body mass. We have previously shown that this method is not appropriate for able-bodied children and young adults and that normalization using allometric scaling is more effective. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effectiveness of applying existing normalization equations for lower extremity strength to children, adolescents, and young adults with cerebral palsy (CP) and, if appropriate, to develop CP-specific normalization equations using allometric scaling. We measured the maximum torque generated during hip abduction/adduction, knee extension/flexion, and ankle dorsiflexion/plantar flexion in 96 subjects with spastic diplegia CP ages 4–23 years. Traditional mass normalization (Torque/Mass1.0) and allometric scaling equations from children without disability (Torque/Mass1.6 for hip and knee; Torque/Mass1.4 for ankle) were not effective in eliminating the influence of body mass. Normalization using CP-specific allometric scaling equations was effective using both muscle-specific and common (Torque/Mass0.8 for ankle plantar flexors; Torque/Mass1.4 for all others) scaling relationships. For the first time, normalization equations have been presented with demonstrated effectiveness in adjusting strength measures for body size in a group of children, adolescents, and young adults with CP.