As head injuries in American football have received increasing publicity, the safety of the sport has become a great concern for parents nationwide. The purpose of this study was to examine perceived safety concerns in youth football using Eccles’ expectancy-value model (Eccles et al., 1983). We hypothesized perceived safety concerns to moderate relationships between parent perceptions of parent cost/benefit, child cost/benefit, and child motivation and enjoyment outcomes for football. Youth football parents (N = 105, M age = 42) completed valid and reliable online assessments of study variables. Regression analyses revealed child safety concerns (as rated by parents) to mediate, rather than moderate, the relationship between parent safety concerns and child cost perceptions (as rated by parents). Furthermore, safety concerns did not significantly associate with child achievement outcomes of motivation and enjoyment. Results provide valuable insight into parent and child attitudes toward youth football safety. Such knowledge may inform future educational interventions targeting sport safety promotion.
Andrew Romaine, J.D. DeFreese, Kevin Guskiewicz, and Johna Register-Mihalik
Sean H. Kerr, Tiffanye M. Vargas, Mimi Nakajima, and Jim Becker
The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine youth American football coaches and their knowledge of, and attitudes toward, sport concussions. Coaches (n = 103) were recruited from a randomized sample of Pop Warner leagues within a large Western state to complete the Rosenbaum Concussion Knowledge and Attitudes Survey. Coaches ranged from 25–75 years of age and were coaching youth athletes ranging from 6–14 years of age. Coaches scored in the 80th percentile on concussion knowledge, and in the 85th percentile on concussion attitudes. However, coaches were lacking in some areas of concussion knowledge such as concussion symptomology. There was also a statistically significant positive correlation between coaches’ scores on the Concussion Knowledge Index and the Concussion Attitudes Index, r = .43, p < .01. The results of this research indicate that while youth sport coaches report basic knowledge of concussions, there remain gaps in their education. This highlights the need for research to review current coaching curriculum, observe actual coaching behaviors, and to determine best practices for teaching coaches.
Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin, and Kathleen Wilson
Edited by Kim Gammage
concussion has been associated with several medical complications including prolonged recovery. Ensuring athlete removal from competition immediately after a concussion occurs is critical to youth sport safety and health. One important socializing agent in sport for youth sport athletes are parents. If
Eleni Diakogeorgiou, R. Richard Ray Jr., Sara Brown, Jay Hertel, and Douglas J. Casa
Collegiate Athletic Association, the National Federation of State High School Associations, various professional sports leagues, and the U.S. Olympic Committee. But a review of the Youth Sport Safety Alliance reveals “more than 200 organizations ranging from parent advocate groups and research institutes to
Kathryn L. Heinze and Di Lu
Athletic Trainers Association, the National Parent Teachers Association, and the American Heart Association to develop education around youth sport safety. Thus, in line with DiMaggio’s ( 1988 ) definition of a field, an array of organizations and actors over time increasingly interacted and participated